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金属学报  2020, Vol. 56 Issue (7): 1015-1024    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2019.00400
  本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
和淑文1, 王鸣华2, 白琴1(), 夏爽1, 周邦新1
1.上海大学材料研究所 上海 200072
2.宝山钢铁股份有限公司 上海 201900
Effect of TaC Content on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of WC-TiC-TaC-Co Cemented Carbide
HE Shuwen1, WANG Minghua2, BAI Qin1(), XIA Shuang1, ZHOU Bangxin1
1. Institute of Materials, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200072, China
2. Baoshan Iron & Steel Co. , Ltd. , Shanghai 201900, China
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利用SEM、EDS、三点弯曲装置及硬度计等手段研究了TaC含量对WC-TiC-TaC-Co硬质合金显微组织和力学性能的影响。结果表明,WC-TiC-TaC-Co硬质合金主要由3种相组成:WC相、(W, Ti, Ta)C相和γ相。随着TaC的质量分数从4.6%增加到7.3%,尺寸小于0.5 μm的WC晶粒比例增加;尺寸大于1 μm的复合碳化物(W, Ti, Ta)C晶粒比例增加,且均匀分散分布的(W, Ti, Ta)C开始聚集。合金的密度、硬度与断裂韧性均呈先下降后上升再下降的变化趋势;合金的抗弯强度呈先上升后下降的趋势。当TaC含量为6.3%时,合金的综合力学性能最佳:硬度、断裂韧性和抗弯强度分别为1749 HV30、10.2 MPa·m1/2和2247 MPa。

关键词 硬质合金晶粒尺寸力学性能    

WC-Co cemented carbides, consisted of hard phase WC and ductile phase γ-phase, are usually prepared by a powder metallurgy and liquid phase sintering methodology. Due to the combined properties of high hardness and toughness, cemented carbides have high wear resistance and are widely used as machining, cutting, drilling, mining and forming tools. When the grain size of WC phase in WC-Co alloy is reduced to submicron, the hardness, toughness and strength of the material can be improved. TaC was considered as an effective additive of WC-Co based tools, for it made a great contribution to the enhancement of mechanical properties of WC-Co alloy. In this work, the effect of TaC on the microstructure and mechanical properties of WC-TiC-TaC-Co cemented carbide were investigated by means of SEM, EDS, three-point bending apparatus and hardness tester. The results show that WC-TiC-TaC-Co cemented carbide is mainly composed of three phases: WC phase, (W, Ti, Ta)C phase and γ phase. With the increase of TaC content from 4.6% (mass fraciton) to 7.3%, the proportion of WC grains with the size of less than 0.5 μm increases; the proportion of (W, Ti, Ta)C grains with the size of larger than 1 μm increases, and the (W, Ti, Ta)C grains begin to aggregate; the density of the alloy first decreases then increases and decreases, and the variation tendencies of hardness and fracture toughness are consistent with the density; the transverse rupture strength of the alloy first increases and then decreases. WC-TiC-TaC-Co cemented carbide with 6.3% TaC shows the best mechanical properties: the hardness, fracture toughness and transverse rupture strength are 1749 HV30, 10.2 MPa·m1/2and 2247 MPa, respectively.

Key wordscemented carbide    grain size    mechanical property
收稿日期: 2019-11-25     
ZTFLH:  TG135  
通讯作者: 白琴     E-mail:
Corresponding author: BAI Qin     E-mail:
作者简介: 和淑文,女,1994年生,硕士生


和淑文, 王鸣华, 白琴, 夏爽, 周邦新. WC-TiC-TaC-Co硬质合金中TaC含量对其显微组织和力学性能的影响[J]. 金属学报, 2020, 56(7): 1015-1024.
Shuwen HE, Minghua WANG, Qin BAI, Shuang XIA, Bangxin ZHOU. Effect of TaC Content on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of WC-TiC-TaC-Co Cemented Carbide. Acta Metall Sin, 2020, 56(7): 1015-1024.

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表1  WC-TiC-TaC-Co硬质合金成分 (mass fraction / %)
图1  三点弯曲装置示意图(俯视图)
图2  WC-TiC-TaC-Co硬质合金的SEM-BSE像
表2  图2a中各点EDS结果 (mass fraction / %)
图3  WC-TiC-TaC-Co硬质合金中WC和(W, Ti, Ta)C晶粒尺寸分布图
图4  TaC含量对WC-TiC-TaC-Co硬质合金的密度和硬度的影响
图5  TaC含量对WC-TiC-TaC-Co硬质合金断裂韧性的影响
图6  WC-TiC-TaC-Co硬质合金裂纹形貌
图7  WC-TiC-TaC-Co硬质合金中WC晶粒取向分布图
图8  TaC含量对WC-TiC-TaC-Co硬质合金抗弯强度的影响
图9  WC-TiC-TaC-Co硬质合金断口形貌
图10  WC-TiC-TaC-Co硬质合金的断口形貌放大图
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