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金属学报  2015, Vol. 51 Issue (9): 1101-1110    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2015.00039
  本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
高压煤制气环境下X80钢及热影响区的氢渗透参数研究
张体明,王勇,赵卫民(),唐秀艳,杜天海,杨敏
HYDROGEN PERMEATION PARAMETERS OF X80 STEEL AND WELDING HAZ UNDER HIGH PRESSURE COAL GAS ENVIRONMENT
Timing ZHANG,Yong WANG,Weimin ZHAO(),Xiuyan TANG,Tianhai DU,Min YANG
College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, China University of Petroleum (East China), Qingdao 266580
全文: PDF(9595 KB)   HTML
摘要: 

采用焊接热模拟技术制备了X80管线钢焊接接头热影响区不同亚区的试样, 通过高压含氢煤制气环境下的氢渗透实验考察了X80钢及热影响区中的氢渗透行为, 并计算了相应的氢渗透参数. 结果发现, 与X80钢相比, 热影响区的氢扩散系数有了不同程度的增加, 且随峰值温度的升高而增加, 吸附氢浓度、氢溶解度和氢陷阱密度则呈现了相反的规律. 结合显微组织分析发现, 大角度晶界含量、位错密度和晶界平直度为影响氢渗透参数的主要因素. 过热粗晶区具有最高的氢扩散系数, 主要是由于该区峰值温度最高, 奥氏体晶粒发生严重长大, 晶界平直度增加, 冷却后生成了粗大的贝氏体铁素体, 大角度晶界含量显著减少, 位错密度较X80钢也有所降低, 对氢的捕获作用减弱.

关键词 煤制气X80管线钢热影响区显微组织氢渗透    
Abstract

Hydrogen gas is usually included in coal gas environment, so hydrogen induced permeation would happen to pipeline, especially in welding heat affected zone (HAZ). Hydrogen permeation process in pipeline is the preconditions for the following hydrogen embrittlement failure. With the development of coal gas industry, the basic research to the hydrogen permeation behavior in pipeline under coal gas circumstance is still unfortunately lack and urgently needed to supplement. In this work, X80 pipeline steel was used, and the HAZ samples, including intercritical heat affected zone (ICHAZ), fine grained heat affected zone (FGHAZ) and coarse grained heat affected zone (CGHAZ), were experimentally simulated using a Gleeble 3500 simulator. Next, hydrogen permeation tests were conducted on X80 pipeline steel and HAZs in coal gas environment. Calculated results indicated that the hydrogen diffusion coefficient increased with the rise of peak temperature in HAZs, but it was opposite to other parameters, such as sub-surface hydrogen concentration, hydrogen solubility and hydrogen trap density. The mechanism of the difference in HAZ hydrogen permeation parameters was analyzed combined with OM, EBSD and TEM analysis. It turned out that the content of large-angle grain boundaries, the grain boundary straightness and dislocation density were the main factors, where the large-angle grain boundaries and dislocations could dramatically arrest hydrogen atoms while the straight grain boundaries may act as hydrogen diffusion path. For FGHAZ, the straight grain boundary and low dislocation density compared with matrix played the predominant role in hydrogen diffusion process, and thus the hydrogen diffusion coefficient increased compared with steel substrate. For ICHAZ and CGHAZ, the decrease of large-angle grain boundaries and dislocation density acted as the main factor, especially for CGHAZ, the microstructures was mainly composed of tabular bainite ferrite (BF) with large grain size and straight grain boundaries because of the highest peak temperature, and the content of large-angle grain boundaries decreased obviously. In comparation with other regions, CGHAZ had the highest hydrogen diffusion coefficient and the lowest hydrogen trap density and hydrogen solubility.

Key wordscoal gas    X80 pipeline steel    heat affected zone (HAZ)    microstructure    hydrogen permeation
    
基金资助:* 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目14CX05020A和14CX06120A, 以及山东省自然科学基金项目ZR2013EEL023资助

引用本文:

张体明,王勇,赵卫民,唐秀艳,杜天海,杨敏. 高压煤制气环境下X80钢及热影响区的氢渗透参数研究[J]. 金属学报, 2015, 51(9): 1101-1110.
Timing ZHANG, Yong WANG, Weimin ZHAO, Xiuyan TANG, Tianhai DU, Min YANG. HYDROGEN PERMEATION PARAMETERS OF X80 STEEL AND WELDING HAZ UNDER HIGH PRESSURE COAL GAS ENVIRONMENT. Acta Metall Sin, 2015, 51(9): 1101-1110.

链接本文:

https://www.ams.org.cn/CN/10.11900/0412.1961.2015.00039      或      https://www.ams.org.cn/CN/Y2015/V51/I9/1101

图1  焊接热模拟过程热循环曲线
图2  高压氢渗透装置图
图3  X80钢及热影响区各亚区的显微组织
图4  X80钢及HAZ各亚区的氢渗透曲线
Sample i / (10-6 Acm-2) D / (10-6 cm2s-1) C0 / (10-6 molcm-3) S / (10-10 molcm-3Pa-1/2) NT / (10-6 molcm-3)
X80 0.292 3.302 0.183 3.734 2.304
ICHAZ 0.313 4.138 0.157 3.196 1.566
FGHAZ 0.329 4.990 0.137 2.785 1.126
CGHAZ 0.353 5.477 0.133 2.722 0.992
表1  X80钢及HAZ各亚区的氢渗透参数
图5  X80钢及HAZ各亚区氢渗透电流暂态的Fourier法拟合曲线
图6  X80钢及HAZ各亚区的bcc相取向图和反极图
图7  X80钢及HAZ各亚区的晶界角度分布图
图8  X80钢及HAZ各亚区的TEM像
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