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金属学报  2015, Vol. 51 Issue (3): 307-314    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2014.00295
  论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
脉冲磁化处理对M42高速钢刀具组织和力学性能的影响
马利平, 梁志强, 王西彬, 赵文祥, 焦黎, 刘志兵
北京理工大学先进加工技术国防重点学科实验室, 北京 100081
INFLUENCE OF PULSED MAGNETIC TREATMENT ON MICROSTRUCTURES AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF M42 HIGH SPEED STEEL TOOL
MA Liping, LIANG Zhiqiang, WANG Xibin, ZHAO Wenxiang, JIAO Li, LIU Zhibing
Key Laboratory of Fundamental Science for Advanced Machining, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081
全文: PDF(8503 KB)   HTML
摘要: 对M42高速钢刀具进行脉冲磁化处理, 考察脉冲磁场对组织和性能的影响, 分析了脉冲磁场改变微观组织以及力学性能作用机理. 运用TEM和激光共聚焦显微镜分析了脉冲磁场冲击前后高速钢位错组态、碳化物分布以及微观组织的变化. 研究表明, 高速钢经脉冲磁化处理后, 发生晶格畸变, 基体内析出大量弥散碳化物, 微观组织变细密, 晶粒细化. 微观组织的变化导致力学性能发生变化, 材料Rockwell硬度与显微硬度均显著提高, Rockwell硬度最大可以增加2.9 HRC. 基于位错理论分析了脉冲磁场作用下高速钢的强化机制, 磁场作用于位错的力足以克服位错线张力引起的阻力和晶格点阵引起的阻力, 从而使位错能以Orowan机制产生增殖、滑移, 致使位错密度增加.
关键词 脉冲磁化处理高速钢组织演变位错强化    
Abstract:Magnetic treatment of tools is a novel method to increase tool life in which the tool is magnetized before cutting or the cutting is performed in a magnetic field. The method has many attractive features, such as short treatment time and no pollution. However, this approach has not been widely applied yet, since the mechanism of magnetic treatment of tools is not clear and treatment results are affected by many factors. Therefore, it is important to study the mechanism of magnetic treatment of tools. This work aims to study the influence of pulsed magnetic treatment on microstructures and mechanical properties of M42 (W2Mo9Cr4VCo8) high speed steel, which is a typical tool material which contains high amounts of cobalt. So it can show a stronger magnetism in the process of pulsed magnetic treatment. Changes of dislocation configuration, carbide distribution and microstructure before and after magnetic treatment were characterized by TEM and laser scanning confocal microscope. Moreover, Rockwell hardness and micro-hardness were measured to quantitatively investigate the influence of magnetic treatment on the mechanical properties. Results showed that after pulsed magnetic treatment the lattice of material was distorted, the carbide was precipitated, and the microstructure and crystalline grain were refined. The changes of microstructure led to changes of mechanical properties, of which the Rockwell hardness and micro-hardness were significantly increased. The maximum increase of Rockwell hardness was 2.9 HRC. Ultimately, the strengthening mechanisms of high speed steel were analyzed based on dislocation theory. It was shown that the subjected force of dislocations due to the magnetic treatment could overcome the centripetal restoring force and the Peierls stress of dislocations. Therefore, dislocations proliferated by the Orowan dislocation strengthening mechanism, and dislocation density increased. The dislocation configuration determined from TEM micrographs was in good agreement with the discussion of dislocation mechanisms.
Key wordspulsed magnetic treatment    high speed steel    microstructure evolution    dislocation strengthening
    
ZTFLH:  TG156  
基金资助:*国家自然科学基金项目50935001和51205024资助
Corresponding author: Correspondent: LIANG Zhiqiang, associate professor, Tel: (010)68911214, E-mail: liangzhiqiang@bit.edu.cn     E-mail: liangzhiqiang@bit.edu.cn
作者简介: 马利平, 男, 1984年生, 博士生

引用本文:

马利平, 梁志强, 王西彬, 赵文祥, 焦黎, 刘志兵. 脉冲磁化处理对M42高速钢刀具组织和力学性能的影响[J]. 金属学报, 2015, 51(3): 307-314.
MA Liping, LIANG Zhiqiang, WANG Xibin, ZHAO Wenxiang, JIAO Li, LIU Zhibing. INFLUENCE OF PULSED MAGNETIC TREATMENT ON MICROSTRUCTURES AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF M42 HIGH SPEED STEEL TOOL. Acta Metall Sin, 2015, 51(3): 307-314.

链接本文:

https://www.ams.org.cn/CN/10.11900/0412.1961.2014.00295      或      https://www.ams.org.cn/CN/Y2015/V51/I3/307

Images/0895-3988-307/img528C  脉冲磁化处理系统示意图
Images/0895-3988-307/img5358  脉冲磁化处理前后M42高速钢位错组态的TEM像
Images/0895-3988-307/img5482  铁磁材料磁畴结构示意图
Images/0895-3988-307/img551F  脉冲磁场处理后M42高速钢的HRTEM像
Images/0895-3988-307/img55BC  脉冲磁化处理前后M42高速钢中碳化物的低倍形貌
Images/0895-3988-307/img56C6  脉冲磁化处理前后M42高速钢中碳化物的高倍形貌
Images/0895-3988-307/img57EF  脉冲磁化处理前后M42高速钢的微观组织
Images/0895-3988-307/grp5919  脉冲磁化处理对M42高速钢Rockwell硬度的影响
Images/0895-3988-307/grp5939  脉冲磁化处理对M42高速钢显微硬度的影响
Images/0895-3988-307/grp5949  M42高速钢表面温度随脉冲磁化处理时间的变化
Images/0895-3988-307/img596A  磁场中位错受力分析
Images/0895-3988-307/img5999  Orowan位错强化机制示意图和位错环的TEM像
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