Please wait a minute...
金属学报  2018, Vol. 54 Issue (2): 217-227    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2017.00465
  本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
陈浩, 张璁雨(), 朱加宁, 杨泽南, 丁然, 张弛, 杨志刚
清华大学材料学院教育部先进材料重点实验室 北京 100084
Austenite/Ferrite Interface Migration and Alloying Elements Partitioning: An Overview
Hao CHEN, Congyu ZHANG(), Jianing ZHU, Zenan YANG, Ran DING, Chi ZHANG, Zhigang YANG
The Key Laboratory of Advanced Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
全文: PDF(2925 KB)   HTML


关键词 界面迁移动力学奥氏体铁素体局域平衡    

Phase transformation is one of the most effective methods to tailor microstructure of steels. In order to develop high performance steels, microstructure has to be precisely tuned, which requires a deep understanding of phase transformation. The austenite to ferrite transformation in steels has been of great interest for several decades due to its considerable importance in the processing of modern high performance steels, and it has been investigated from various aspects. Mechanism of interface migration and alloying elements partitioning during the austenite to ferrite transformation was regarded as one of the most significant and challenging topics in the field. This paper briefly summarized the recent progress in the understanding of this topic from both theoretical and experimental perspectives, and would also provide discussions and outlook of the unresolved issues.

Key wordsinterface migration    kinetics    austenite    ferrite    local equilibrium
收稿日期: 2017-11-06      出版日期: 2017-12-11

作者简介 陈 浩,男,1986年生,助理教授,博士


陈浩, 张璁雨, 朱加宁, 杨泽南, 丁然, 张弛, 杨志刚. 奥氏体/铁素体界面迁移与元素配分的研究进展[J]. 金属学报, 2018, 54(2): 217-227.
Hao CHEN, Congyu ZHANG, Jianing ZHU, Zenan YANG, Ran DING, Chi ZHANG, Zhigang YANG. Austenite/Ferrite Interface Migration and Alloying Elements Partitioning: An Overview. Acta Metall, 2018, 54(2): 217-227.

链接本文:      或

图1  Fe-C-M三元系准平衡(PE)示意图
图2  Fe-C-M三元系局域平衡(LE)示意图
图3  不同浓度Fe-Ni、Fe-Mn和Fe-Co合金中奥氏体-铁素体相变开始温度Fs和铁素体-奥氏体相变开始温度As与新相和母相自由能相等温度(T0)的偏差[74]
图4  Fe-Ni、Fe-Mn和Fe-Co合金中界面迁移率和温度的关系[74]
图5  Fe-0.17Mn-0.023C (质量分数,%)合金在885~860 ℃间进行γ-α循环相变中膨胀量随温度的变化及PE和LE模型对α/γ界面位置随温度变化的模拟结果[101]
图6  Fe-0.49Mn-0.1C (质量分数,%)合金在842~785 ℃间进行γ-α循环相变中膨胀量随温度的变化及经过1、2、6个循环后Mn的浓度分布模拟结果[104]
[1] Christian J W.The theory of transformations in metals and alloys [M]. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1975: 1
[2] Offerman S E, Van Dijk N H, Sietsma J, et al. Grain nucleation and growth during phase transformations[J]. Science, 2002, 298: 1003
doi: 10.1154/1.2219853 pmid: 12411699
[3] Van Dijk N H, Offerman S E, Sietsma J, et al. Barrier-free heterogeneous grain nucleation in polycrystalline materials: The austenite to ferrite phase transformation in steel[J]. Acta Mater., 2007, 55: 4489
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2007.04.013
[4] Liu F, Sommer F, Bos C, et al.Analysis of solid state phase transformation kinetics: Models and recipes[J]. Int. Mater. Rev., 2007, 52: 193
doi: 10.1179/174328007X160308
[5] Purdy G, Ågren J, Borgenstam A, et al.ALEMI: A ten-year history of discussions of alloying-element interactions with migrating interfaces[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 2011, 42A: 3703
doi: 10.1007/s11661-011-0766-0
[6] Gouné M, Danoix F, Ågren J, et al.Overview of the current issues in austenite to ferrite transformation and the role of migrating interfaces therein for low alloyed steels[J]. Mater. Sci. Eng., 2015, R92: 1
doi: 10.1016/j.mser.2015.03.001
[7] Chen H, Van Der Zwaag S. An overview of the cyclic partial austenite-ferrite transformation concept and its potential[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 2017, 48A: 2720
doi: 10.1007/s11661-016-3826-7
[8] Zener C.Theory of growth of spherical precipitates from solid solution[J]. J. Appl. Phys., 1949, 20: 950
doi: 10.1063/1.1698258
[9] Krielaart G P, Sietsma J, Van Der Zwaag S. Ferrite formation in Fe-C alloys during austenite decomposition under non-equilibrium interface conditions[J]. Mater. Sci. Eng., 1997, A237: 216
doi: 10.1016/S0921-5093(97)00365-1
[10] Liu Y C, Sommer F, Mittemeijer E J.Phase Transformations in Steels[M]. Vol.2, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2012: 311
[11] Kempen A T W, Sommer F, Mittemeijer E J. The kinetics of the austenite-ferrite phase transformation of Fe-Mn: Differential thermal analysis during cooling[J]. Acta Mater., 2002, 50: 3545
doi: 10.1016/S1359-6454(02)00149-0
[12] Liu Y C, Sommer F, Mittemeijer E J.Kinetics of the abnormal austenite-ferrite transformation behaviour in substitutional Fe-based alloys[J]. Acta Mater., 2004, 52: 2549
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2004.02.003
[13] Hultgren A.Isothermal transformation of austenite[J]. Trans. Am. Soc. Met., 1947, 39: 915
[14] Hillert M.Introduction to paraequilibrium [R]. Internal Report, Swedish Institute of Metals Research, Stockholm, 1953
[15] Bhadeshia H K D H. Some difficulties in the theory of diffusion-controlled growth in substitutionally alloyed steels[J]. Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci., 2016, 20: 396
doi: 10.1016/j.cossms.2016.07.004
[16] Hillert M, Ågren J.On the definitions of paraequilibrium and orthoequilibrium[J]. Scr. Mater., 2004, 50: 697
doi: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2003.11.020
[17] Speer J G, Matlock D K, DeCooman B C, et al. Comments on “On the definitions of paraequilibrium and orthoequilibrium” by M. Hillert and J. Ågren, Scripta Materialia, 50, 697-9 (2004)[J]. Scr. Mater., 2005, 52: 83
doi: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2004.08.029
[18] Hillert M, Ågren J.Reply to comments on "On the definition of paraequilibrium and orthoequilibrium"[J]. Scr. Mater., 2005, 52: 87
doi: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2004.08.026
[19] Kirkaldy J.Diffusion in multicomponent metallic systems: I. Phenomenological theory for substitutional solid solution alloys[J]. Can. J. Phys., 1958, 36: 899
doi: 10.1139/p58-096
[20] Kirkaldy J S.Diffusion in multicomponent metallic systems: II. Solutions for two-phase systems with applications to transformations in steel[J]. Can. J. Phys., 1958, 36: 907
doi: 10.1139/p58-097
[21] Kirkaldy J S.Diffusion in multicomponent metallic systems: III. The motion of planar phase interfaces[J]. Can. J. Phys., 1958, 36: 917
doi: 10.1139/p58-098
[22] Kirkaldy J.Diffusion in multicomponent metallic systems: IV. A general theorem for construction of multicomponent solutions from solutions of the binary diffusion equation[J]. Can. J. Phys., 1959, 37: 30
doi: 10.1139/p59-005
[23] Coates D E.Diffusion-controlled precipitate growth in ternary systems I[J]. Metall. Trans., 1972, 3: 1203
doi: 10.1007/BF02642453
[24] Coates D E.Diffusional growth limitation and hardenability[J]. Metall. Trans., 1973, 4: 2313
doi: 10.1007/BF02669370
[25] Coates D E.Diffusion controlled precipitate growth in ternary systems: II[J]. Metall. Trans., 1973, 4: 1077
doi: 10.1007/BF02645611
[26] Coates D E.Precipitate growth kinetics for Fe-C-X alloys[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 1973, 4B: 395
doi: 10.1007/BF02649655
[27] Zhang C Y, Yang Z G, Enomoto M, et al.Prediction of Ar3 during very slow cooling in low alloy steels[J]. ISIJ Int., 2016, 56: 678
doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.ISIJINT-2015-602
[28] Van Der Ven A, Delaey L. Models for precipitate growth during the γα+γ transformation in Fe-C and Fe-C-M alloys[J]. Prog. Mater. Sci., 1996, 40: 181
doi: 10.1016/0079-6425(96)00002-3
[29] Sietsma J, Van Der Zwaag S. A concise model for mixed-mode phase transformations in the solid state[J]. Acta Mater., 2004, 52: 4143
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2004.05.027
[30] Liu Z Y, Yang Z G, Li Z D, et al.Simulation of ledgewise growth kinetics of proeutectiod ferrite under interfacial reaction-diffusion mixed control model[J]. Acta Metall. Sin., 2010, 46: 390(刘志远, 杨志刚, 李昭东等. 界面反应--扩散混合控制模型下先共析铁素体生长动力学的模拟[J]. 金属学报, 2010, 46: 390)
[31] Lücke K, Detert K.A quantitative theory of grain-boundary motion and recrystallization in metals in the presence of impurities[J]. Acta Metall., 1957, 5: 628
doi: 10.1016/0001-6160(57)90109-8
[32] Cahn J W.The impurity-drag effect in grain boundary motion[J]. Acta Metall., 1962, 10: 789
doi: 10.1016/0001-6160(62)90092-5
[33] Lücke K, Stüwe H P.On the theory of impurity controlled grain boundary motion[J]. Acta Metall., 1971, 19: 1087
doi: 10.1016/0001-6160(71)90041-1
[34] Purdy G R, Brechet Y J M. A solute drag treatment of the effects of alloying elements on the rate of the proeutectoid ferrite transformation in steels[J]. Acta Metall., 1995, 43: 3763
doi: 10.1016/0956-7151(95)90160-4
[35] Enomoto M.Influence of solute drag on the growth of proeutectoid ferrite in Fe-C-Mn alloy[J]. Acta Mater., 1999, 47: 3533
doi: 10.1016/s1359-6454(99)00232-3
[36] Hillert M, Sundman B.A treatment of the solute drag on moving grain boundaries and phase interfaces in binary alloys[J]. Acta Metall., 1976, 24: 731
doi: 10.1016/0001-6160(76)90108-5
[37] Zurob H S, Panahi D, Hutchinson C R, et al.Self-consistent model for planar ferrite growth in Fe-C-X alloys[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 2013, 44A: 3456
doi: 10.1007/s11661-012-1479-8
[38] Odqvist J, Hillert M, Ågren J.Effect of alloying elements on the γ to α transformation in steel. I[J]. Acta Mater., 2002, 50: 3213
doi: 10.1016/S1359-6454(02)00143-X
[39] Chen H, Van Der Zwaag S. A general mixed-mode model for the austenite-to-ferrite transformation kinetics in Fe-C-M alloys[J]. Acta Mater., 2014, 72: 1
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2014.03.034
[40] Chen H, Zhu K Y, Zhao L, et al.Analysis of transformation stasis during the isothermal bainitic ferrite formation in Fe-C-Mn and Fe-C-Mn-Si alloys[J]. Acta Mater., 2013, 61: 5458
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2013.05.034
[41] Tanaka T, Aaronson H I, Enomoto M.Growth kinetics of grain boundary allotriomorphs of proeutectoid ferrite in Fe-C-Mn-X2 alloys[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 1995, 26A: 561
[42] Aaronson H I, Reynolds W T Jr, Purdy G R. Coupled-solute drag effects on ferrite formation in Fe-C-X systems[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 2004, 35A: 1187
[43] Guo H, Enomoto M.Effects of substitutional solute accumulation at α/γ boundaries on the growth of ferrite in low carbon steels[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 2007, 38A: 1152
doi: 10.1007/s11661-007-9139-0
[44] Qiu C, Zurob H S, Hutchinson C R.The coupled solute drag effect during ferrite growth in Fe-C-Mn-Si alloys using controlled decarburization[J]. Acta Mater., 2015, 100: 333
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2015.08.065
[45] Zhang C Y, Chen H, Zhu K Y, et al.Effect of Mo addition on the transformation stasis phenomenon during the isothermal formation of bainitic ferrite[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 2016, 47A: 5670
doi: 10.1007/s11661-016-3797-8
[46] Rowlinson J S.Translation of J.D. van der Waals' “The thermodynamik theory of capillarity under the hypothesis of a continuous variation of density”[J]. J. Stat. Phys, 1979, 20: 197
doi: 10.1007/BF01011513
[47] Van Der Waals J D. Thermodynamische Theorie der Kapillarität unter voraussetzung stetiger Dichteänderung [J]. Z. Phys. Chem., 1894, 13: 657
[48] Boettinger W J, Warren J A, Beckermann C, et al.Phase-field simulation of solidification[J]. Annu. Rev. Mater. Res., 2002, 32: 163
doi: 10.1115/IMECE2004-60875
[49] Militzer M.Computer simulation of microstructure evolution in low carbon sheet steels[J]. ISIJ Int., 2007, 47: 1
doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.47.1
[50] Chen L Q.Phase-field models for microstructure evolution[J]. Annu. Rev. Mater. Res., 2002, 32: 113
doi: 10.1146/annurev.matsci.32.112001.132041
[51] Allen S M, Cahn J W.A microscopic theory for antiphase boundary motion and its application to antiphase domain coarsening[J]. Acta Metall., 1979, 27: 1085
doi: 10.1016/0001-6160(79)90196-2
[52] Cahn J W.On spinodal decomposition[J]. Acta Metall., 1961, 9: 795
doi: 10.1016/0001-6160(61)90182-1
[53] Steinbach I, Pezzolla F, Nestler B, et al.A phase field concept for multiphase systems[J]. Phys: Nonlin. Phenom., 1996, 94D: 135
doi: 10.1016/0167-2789(95)00298-7
[54] Steinbach I, Pezzolla F.A generalized field method for multiphase transformations using interface fields[J]. Phys: Nonlin. Phenom., 1999, 134D: 385
doi: 10.1016/S0167-2789(99)00129-3
[55] Nakajima K, Apel M, Steinbach I.The role of carbon diffusion in ferrite on the kinetics of cooperative growth of pearlite: A multi-phase field study[J]. Acta Mater., 2006, 54: 3665
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2006.03.050
[56] Militzer M, Mecozzi M G, Sietsma J, et al.Three-dimensional phase field modelling of the austenite-to-ferrite transformation[J]. Acta Mater., 2006, 54: 3961
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2006.04.029
[57] Steinbach I, Apel M.The influence of lattice strain on pearlite formation in Fe-C[J]. Acta Mater., 2007, 55: 4817
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2007.05.013
[58] Mecozzi M G, Sietsma J, Van Der Zwaag S. Phase field modelling of the interfacial condition at the moving interphase during the γα transformation in C-Mn steels[J]. Comput. Mater. Sci., 2005, 34: 290
doi: 10.1016/j.commatsci.2005.03.002
[59] Militzer M.Phase field modeling of microstructure evolution in steels[J]. Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci., 2011, 15: 106
doi: 10.1016/j.cossms.2010.10.001
[60] Loginova I, Ågren J, Amberg G.On the formation of Widmanstätten ferrite in binary Fe-C - Phase-field approach[J]. Acta Mater., 2004, 52: 4055
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2004.05.033
[61] Loginova I, Odqvist J, Amberg G, et al.The phase-field approach and solute drag modeling of the transition to massive γα transformation in binary Fe-C alloys[J]. Acta Mater., 2003, 51: 1327
doi: 10.1016/S1359-6454(02)00527-X
[62] Zhang J, Zheng C W, Li D Z.Modeling of isothermal austenite to ferrite transformation in a Fe-C alloy by phase-field method[J]. Acta Metall. Sin., 2016, 52: 1449(张军, 郑成武, 李殿中. 相场法模拟Fe-C合金中奥氏体-铁素体等温相变过程[J]. 金属学报, 2016, 52: 1449)
[63] Yeon D H, Cha P R, Yoon J K.A phase field study for ferrite-austenite transitions under para-equilibrium[J]. Scr. Mater., 2001, 45: 661
doi: 10.1016/S1359-6462(01)01077-6
[64] Mecozzi M G, Sietsma J, Van Der Zwaag S, et al. Analysis of the γα transformation in a C-Mn steel by phase-field modeling[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 2005, 36A: 2327
[65] Chen H, Zhu B Q, Militzer M.Phase field modeling of cyclic austenite-ferrite transformations in Fe-C-Mn alloys[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 2016, 47A: 3873
doi: 10.1007/s11661-016-3595-3
[66] Zhu B Q, Chen H, Militzer M.Phase-field modeling of cyclic phase transformations in low-carbon steels[J]. Comput. Mater. Sci., 2015, 108: 333
doi: 10.1016/j.commatsci.2015.01.023
[67] Zhang J, Chen W X, Zheng C W, et al.Phase-field modeling of austenite-to-ferrite transformation in Fe-C-Mn ternary alloys[J]. Acta Metall. Sin., 2017, 53: 760(张军, 陈文雄, 郑成武等. Fe-C-Mn三元合金中奥氏体-铁素体相变的相场模拟[J]. 金属学报, 2017, 53: 760)
[68] Bradley J, Rigsbee J, Aaronson H I.Growth kinetics of grain boundary ferrite allotriomorphs in Fe-C alloys[J]. Metall. Trans., 1977, 8A: 323
[69] Krielaart G P, Van Der Zwaag S. Simulations of pro-eutectoid ferrite formation using a mixed control growth model[J]. Mater. Sci. Eng., 1998, A246: 104
doi: 10.1016/S0921-5093(97)00752-1
[70] Liu Y C, Sommer F, Mittemeijer E J.The austenite-ferrite transformation of ultralow-carbon Fe-C alloy; transition from diffusion-to interface-controlled growth[J]. Acta Mater., 2006, 54: 3383
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2006.03.029
[71] Hamada J, Enomoto M, Fujishiro T, et al.In-situ observation of the growth of massive ferrite in very low-carbon Fe-Mn and Ni alloys[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 2014, 45A: 3781
doi: 10.1007/s11661-014-2336-8
[72] Aaronson H I, Vasudevan V K.General discussion session of the symposium on “The mechanisms of the massive transformation”[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 2002, 33A: 2445
doi: 10.1007/s11661-002-0366-0
[73] Borgenstam A, Hillert M.Massive transformation in the Fe-Ni system[J]. Acta Mater., 2000, 48: 2765
doi: 10.1016/S1359-6454(00)00102-6
[74] Zhu J N, Luo H W, Yang Z G, et al.Determination of the intrinsic α/γ interface mobility during massive transformations in interstitial free Fe-X alloys[J]. Acta Mater., 2017, 133: 258
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2017.05.045
[75] Odqvist J.On the transition to massive growth during the γα transformation in Fe-Ni alloys[J]. Scr. Mater., 2005, 52: 193
doi: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2004.09.030
[76] Enomoto M, White C L, Aaronson H I.Evaluation of the effects of segregation on austenite grain boundary energy in Fe-C-X alloys. Metall. Trans., 1988, 19A: 1807
doi: 10.1007/BF02645149
[77] Speich G, Szirmae A, Richards M.Formation of austenite from ferrite and ferrite-carbide aggregates[J]. Trans. metall. Soc. AIME, 1969, 245: 1063
[78] Krielaart G P, Van Der Zwaag S. Kinetics of γα phase transformation in Fe-Mn alloys containing low manganese[J]. Mater. Sci. Technol., 1998, 14: 10
doi: 10.1179/mst.1998.14.1.10
[79] Wits J J, Kop T A, Van Leeuwen Y, et al.A study on the austenite-to-ferrite phase transformation in binary substitutional iron alloys[J]. Mater. Sci. Eng., 2000, A283: 234
doi: 10.1016/S0921-5093(00)00735-8
[80] Hillert M, Höglund L.Mobility of α/γ phase interfaces in Fe alloys[J]. Scr. Mater., 2006, 54: 1259
doi: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2005.12.023
[81] Liu Y C, Sommer F, Mittemeijer E J.Abnormal austenite-ferrite transformation behaviour in substitutional Fe-based alloys[J]. Acta Mater., 2003, 51: 507
doi: 10.1016/S1359-6454(02)00434-2
[82] Liu Y C, Sommer F, Mittemeijer E J.Abnormal austenite-ferrite transformation behaviour of pure iron[J]. Philos. Mag., 2004, 84: 1853
doi: 10.1080/14786430410001663178
[83] Liu Z Q, Miyamoto G, Yang Z G, et al.Direct measurement of carbon enrichment during austenite to ferrite transformation in hypoeutectoid Fe-2Mn-C alloys[J]. Acta Mater., 2013, 61: 3120
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2013.02.003
[84] Xia Y, Miyamoto G, Yang Z G, et al.Effects of Mo on carbon enrichment during proeutectoid ferrite transformation in hypoeutectoid Fe-C-Mn alloys[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 2015, 46A: 2347
doi: 10.1007/s11661-015-2866-8
[85] Liu Z Y, Yang Z G, Li Z D, et al.PLE/NPLE transition temperature of γα transformation of Fe-C-X alloy under hot deformation condition[J]. Acta Metall. Sin., 2008, 44: 703(刘志远, 杨志刚, 李昭东等. 热变形条件下Fe-C-X合金钢γα 相变的PLE/NPLE转变温度[J]. 金属学报, 2008, 44: 703)
[86] Kubo Y, Hamada K, Urano A.Minimum detection limit and spatial resolution of thin-sample field-emission electron probe microanalysis[J]. Ultramicroscopy, 2013, 135: 64
doi: 10.1016/j.ultramic.2013.05.011 pmid: 23876296
[87] Oi K, Lux C, Purdy G R.A study of the influence of Mn and Ni on the kinetics of the proeutectoid ferrite reaction in steels[J]. Acta Mater., 2000, 48: 2147
doi: 10.1016/S1359-6454(00)00041-0
[88] Hutchinson C R, Fuchsmann A, Brechet Y.The diffusional formation of ferrite from austenite in Fe-C-Ni alloys[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 2004, 35A: 1211
doi: 10.1007/s11661-004-0295-1
[89] Guo H, Purdy G R, Enomoto M, et al.Kinetic transitions and substititional solute (Mn) fields associated with later stages of ferrite growth in Fe-C-Mn-Si[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 2006, 37A: 1721
doi: 10.1007/s11661-006-0115-x
[90] Zhang G H, Heo Y U, Song E J, et al.Kinetic transition during the growth of proeutectoid ferrite in Fe-C-Mn-Si quaternary steel[J]. Met. Mater. Int., 2013, 19: 153
doi: 10.1007/s12540-013-2003-4
[91] Capdevila C, Cornide J, Tanaka K, et al.Kinetic transition during ferrite growth in Fe-C-Mn medium carbon steel[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 2011, 42A: 3719
doi: 10.1007/s11661-011-0650-y
[92] Danoix F, Sauvage X, Huin D, et al.A direct evidence of solute interactions with a moving ferrite/austenite interface in a model Fe-C-Mn alloy[J]. Scr. Mater., 2016, 121: 61
doi: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2016.04.038
[93] Van Landeghem H P, Langelier B, Gault B, et al. Investigation of solute/interphase interaction during ferrite growth[J]. Acta Mater., 2017, 124: 536
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2016.11.035
[94] Hutchinson C R, Fuchsmann A, Zurob H S, et al.A novel experimental approach to identifying kinetic transitions in solid state phase transformations[J]. Scr. Mater., 2004, 50: 285
doi: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2003.09.051
[95] Zurob H S, Hutchinson C R, Béché A, et al.A transition from local equilibrium to paraequilibrium kinetics for ferrite growth in Fe-C-Mn: A possible role of interfacial segregation[J]. Acta Mater., 2008, 56: 2203
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2008.01.016
[96] Zurob H S, Hutchinson C R, Bréchet Y, et al.Kinetic transitions during non-partitioned ferrite growth in Fe-C-X alloys[J]. Acta Mater., 2009, 57: 2781
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2009.02.029
[97] Phillion A, Zurob H S, Hutchinson C R, et al.Studies of the influence of alloying elements on the growth of ferrite from austenite under decarburization conditions: Fe-C-Nl alloys[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 2004, 35A: 1237
doi: 10.1007/s11661-004-0297-z
[98] Hutchinson C R, Zurob H S, Bréchet Y.The growth of ferrite in Fe-C-X alloys: The role of thermodynamics, diffusion, and interfacial conditions[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 2006, 37A: 1711
doi: 10.1007/s11661-006-0114-y
[99] Béché A, Zurob H S, Hutchinson C R.Quantifying the solute drag effect of Cr on ferrite growth using controlled decarburization experiments[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 2007, 38A: 2950
doi: 10.1007/s11661-007-9353-9
[100] Qiu C, Zurob H S, Panahi D, et al.Quantifying the solute drag effect on ferrite growth in Fe-C-X alloys using controlled decarburization experiments[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 2013, 44A: 3472
doi: 10.1007/s11661-012-1547-0
[101] Chen H, Appolaire B, Van Der Zwaag S. Application of cyclic partial phase transformations for identifying kinetic transitions during solid-state phase transformations: Experiments and modeling[J]. Acta Mater., 2011, 59: 6751
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2011.07.033
[102] Chen H, Gamsjäger E, Schider S, et al.In situ observation of austenite-ferrite interface migration in a lean Mn steel during cyclic partial phase transformations[J]. Acta Mater., 2013, 61: 2414
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2013.01.013
[103] Chen H, Kuziak R, Van Der Zwaag S. Experimental evidence of the effect of alloying additions on the stagnant stage length during cyclic partial phase transformations[J]. Metall. Mater. Trans., 2013, 44A: 5617
doi: 10.1007/s11661-013-2040-0
[104] Chen H, Van Der Zwaag S. Analysis of ferrite growth retardation induced by local Mn enrichment in austenite created by prior interface passages[J]. Acta Mater., 2013, 61: 1338
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2012.11.011
[105] Sun W W, Zurob H S, Hutchinson C R.Coupled solute drag and transformation stasis during ferrite formation in Fe-C-Mn-Mo[J]. Acta Mater., 2017, 139: 62
doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2017.08.010
[1] 潘栋, 赵宇光, 徐晓峰, 王艺橦, 江文强, 鞠虹. 高能瞬时电脉冲处理对42CrMo钢组织与性能的影响[J]. 金属学报, 2018, 54(9): 1245-1252.
[2] 郭祥如, 孙朝阳, 王春晖, 钱凌云, 刘凤仙. 基于三维离散位错动力学的fcc结构单晶压缩应变率效应研究[J]. 金属学报, 2018, 54(9): 1322-1332.
[3] 张海峰, 闫海乐, 贾楠, 金剑锋, 赵骧. Cu/Ti纳米层状复合体塑性变形机制的分子动力学模拟研究[J]. 金属学报, 2018, 54(9): 1333-1342.
[4] 王帅鹏, 罗文华, 李赣, 李海波, 张广丰. La含量对Ce-La合金氢化动力学的影响[J]. 金属学报, 2018, 54(8): 1187-1192.
[5] 胡宽辉, 毛新平, 周桂峰, 刘静, 王志奋. Si和Mn含量对超高强度热成形钢组织和性能的影响[J]. 金属学报, 2018, 54(8): 1105-1112.
[6] 徐士新, 余伟, 李舒笳, 王坤, 孙齐松. 预变形温度对纳米贝氏体相变动力学及组织的影响[J]. 金属学报, 2018, 54(8): 1113-1121.
[7] 张可, 孙新军, 张明亚, 李昭东, 叶晓瑜, 朱正海, 黄贞益, 雍岐龙. Ti-V-Mo复合微合金钢中(Ti, V, Mo)C在γ /α中沉淀析出的动力学[J]. 金属学报, 2018, 54(8): 1122-1130.
[8] 赵鹏越, 郭永博, 白清顺, 张飞虎. 基于微观结构的多晶Cu纳米压痕表面缺陷研究[J]. 金属学报, 2018, 54(7): 1051-1058.
[9] 赵晓丽, 张永健, 邵成伟, 惠卫军, 董瀚. 两相区退火处理冷轧0.1C-5Mn中锰钢的氢脆敏感性[J]. 金属学报, 2018, 54(7): 1031-1041.
[10] 阳锋, 罗海文, 董瀚. 退火温度对冷轧7Mn钢拉伸行为的影响及模拟研究[J]. 金属学报, 2018, 54(6): 859-867.
[11] 白银, 刘正东, 谢建新, 包汉生, 陈正宗. 预氧化处理对G115钢高温蒸气氧化行为的影响[J]. 金属学报, 2018, 54(6): 895-904.
[12] 樊丹丹, 许军锋, 钟亚男, 坚增运. 过热温度和冷却速率对过冷Ti熔体凝固过程的影响[J]. 金属学报, 2018, 54(6): 844-850.
[13] 王瑾, 余黎明, 黄远, 李会军, 刘永长. 晶体取向和He浓度对bcc-Fe裂纹扩展行为的影响[J]. 金属学报, 2018, 54(1): 47-54.
[14] 秦凤明, 李亚杰, 赵晓东, 何文武, 陈慧琴. 含N量对Mn18Cr18N奥氏体不锈钢的析出行为及力学性能的影响[J]. 金属学报, 2018, 54(1): 55-64.
[15] 冯迪, 张新明, 陈洪美, 金云学, 王国迎. 非等温回归再时效对Al-8Zn-2Mg-2Cu合金厚板组织及性能的影响[J]. 金属学报, 2018, 54(1): 100-108.