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金属学报  2019, Vol. 55 Issue (7): 902-910    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2019.00034
  本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
1. 沈阳工学院 抚顺 113122
2. 中国科学院金属研究所 沈阳 110016
3. 中国科学技术大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110016
4. 南昌航空大学材料科学与工程学院 南昌 330063
Preparation and Performance of a Novel Wear-Resistant and High Temperature Oxidation-Resistant NiCrAlSiC Composite Coating
Mingyu ZHAO1,Huijuan ZHEN2,3(),Zhihong DONG2,Xiuying YANG1(),Xiao PENG4
1. Shenyang Institute of Technology, Fushun 113122, China
2. Laboratory for Corrosion and Protection, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
3. School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Shenyang 110016, China
4. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang 330063, China
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关键词 NiCrAl复合涂层高温氧化摩擦磨损电泳电沉积    

MCrAl (M=Ni, Co, or their combinations) coatings have been widely used as high temperature oxidation protection coatings on turbine blades, as they can thermally grow stable, dense and well adherent Al2O3 protective scales. Due to the particulate nature of the exhaust, MCrAl coatings often fail owing to severe high-temperature wear. To improve the anti-wear resistance of the MCrAl coatings, NiCrAlSiC composite coatings were designed and fabricated by the combination of electrophoretic deposition (EPD) and electrodeposition (ED). The compositions, morphologies and structures of the as-deposited composite coatings were characterized by XRD, SEM, EPMA and TEM. A Ni7.4Cr6.2Al14.3SiC (mass fraction, %) coating, as well as a contrast SiC-free Ni7.2Cr6.2Al coating, was prepared. No cracks or micro pores were found either at the coating/substrate interface or in the coating, and elements distributed uniformly in the coating. Compared to the SiC-free coating, oxide scale on the NiCrAlSiC coating transformed from a three-layered structure (NiO, NiAl2O4 and Al2O3) to a thinner two-layered structure (NiAl2O4 and Al2O3), showing better high temperature oxidation resistance. And microhardness of the NiCrAlSiC coating increased 26%, together with the wear rate reduced 52%. Wear mechanism of the NiCrAl coating was abrasive wear, while that of the NiCrAlSiC coating switched to adhesive wear. These results indicate that the addition of SiC improves both high temperature oxidation resistance and wear resistance of the NiCrAl composite coating obviously.

Key wordsNiCrAl composite coating    high temperature oxidation    friction and wear    electrophoretic deposition    electrodeposition
收稿日期: 2019-02-02     
ZTFLH:  TG174.4  
通讯作者: 甄会娟,杨秀英     E-mail:;
Corresponding author: Huijuan ZHEN,Xiuying YANG     E-mail:;
作者简介: 赵明雨,女,1987年生,副教授,硕士


赵明雨,甄会娟,董志宏,杨秀英,彭晓. 新型耐磨耐高温氧化NiCrAlSiC复合涂层的制备及性能研究[J]. 金属学报, 2019, 55(7): 902-910.
Mingyu ZHAO, Huijuan ZHEN, Zhihong DONG, Xiuying YANG, Xiao PENG. Preparation and Performance of a Novel Wear-Resistant and High Temperature Oxidation-Resistant NiCrAlSiC Composite Coating. Acta Metall Sin, 2019, 55(7): 902-910.

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图1  “电泳+电沉积”(EPD+ED)制备NiCrAlSiC复合涂层示意图
图2  NiCrAl和NiCrAlSiC复合涂层的XRD谱
图3  EPD+ED制备涂层的表面形貌
图4  EPD+ED制备涂层的纵截面形貌
图5  NiCrAlSiC涂层横截面EPMA分析结果
图6  NiCrAl/Ni基体界面附近TEM明场像
图7  涂层在空气中900 ℃氧化20 h氧化膜的表面形貌
图8  涂层在空气中900 ℃氧化20 h氧化膜的截面形貌


表1  图8中NiCrAl和NiCrAlSiC涂层氧化膜的成分
图9  涂层摩擦系数随时间变化曲线
图10  NiCrAl和NiCrAlSiC涂层的磨痕表面形貌
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