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金属学报  2019, Vol. 55 Issue (4): 436-444    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2018.00276
  本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
固溶温度对Mn-N型双相不锈钢拉伸变形行为的影响
金淼1,李文权1,郝硕1,2,梅瑞雪1,李娜1,陈雷1,2()
1. 燕山大学机械工程学院 秦皇岛 066004
2. 国家冷轧板带装备及工艺工程技术研究中心 秦皇岛 066004
Effect of Solution Temperature on Tensile Deformation Behavior of Mn-N Bearing Duplex Stainless Steel
Miao JIN1,Wenquan LI1,Shuo HAO1,2,Ruixue MEI1,Na LI1,Lei CHEN1,2()
1. College of Mechanical Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
2. National Engineering Research Center for Equipment and Technology of Cold Strip Rolling, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
全文: PDF(19176 KB)   HTML
摘要: 

在Gleeble-3800热模拟试验机上进行了一种新型Mn-N合金化双相不锈钢的拉伸变形实验,获得了不同固溶温度下(1000~1200 ℃)不锈钢的力学性能及加工硬化规律。利用OM、SEM和EBSD等手段研究了固溶温度对钢的形变亚结构及断裂特征的影响,探讨了固溶温度影响加工硬化的机理。结果表明,随着固溶温度的升高,Mn-N合金化双相不锈钢屈服强度与抗拉强度均逐渐降低,而延伸率(均匀延伸率和断裂延伸率)则先升高后降低。其中,1100 ℃固溶时不锈钢的塑性最佳,均匀延伸率可达46.7%,且综合力学性能优异,强塑积达44.6 GPa·%。不同固溶温度下,不锈钢的加工硬化率随应变的增加均表现为开始时迅速下降,经再次升高后再下降的“三阶段”特征,但随着固溶温度的升高,加工硬化率升高的趋势减弱。Mn-N合金化双相不锈钢中奥氏体相发生了形变诱导马氏体相变,主要表现为γεα′γα′ 2种演化机制,从而形成TRIP效应,使得加工硬化率升高、塑性增加,但较高的固溶温度会使马氏体转变受到抑制。不同固溶温度下,铁素体与形变诱导马氏体均表现出解理断裂特征,而残余奥氏体则主要为韧性断裂。经计算,随着固溶温度增加(1000~1200 ℃),奥氏体相的Md30值从81 ℃降到38 ℃,即奥氏体稳定性增加,减弱了TRIP效应,进而导致不锈钢加工硬化和增塑效果降低。

关键词 双相不锈钢固溶温度加工硬化TRIP效应形变诱导马氏体    
Abstract

Advanced duplex stainless steels (DSSs) in which Ni is mostly or completely replaced by Mn and N have been developed in recent years. Such Mn-N bearing DSSs can readily achieve exceptional room-temperature tensile properties through the transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) effect of metastable austenite. During the processing of DSSs, solution treatment is a critical step that tailors the phase fraction and the overall properties. In particular, the phase chemistry can change due to different element partitioning between two constituents, resulting in a different TRIP kinetics, when DSS is solution treated at different temperature. In this work, the effect of solution temperature on tensile deformation behavior of a new Mn-N bearing DSS was studied. The mechanical properties and work-hardening characteristic of the steels solution treated at different solution temperature (1000~1200 ℃) were investigated by thermal modeling test, and the effects of solution temperature on the deformation substructure and fracture characteristics were analyzed by OM, SEM and EBSD. The results show that as the solution temperature increases, the yield strength and tensile strength of the steels decrease, while the elongation (uniform elongation and total elongation) increases firstly and then decreases. The steel solution treated at 1100 ℃ shows the optimum uniform elongation of 46.7%, and a better combination of ultimate tensile strength and ductility of approximately 44.6 GPa·%. The work-hardening rate of the steel shows a three-stage characteristic, namely it declines firstly and then increases and subsequently declines again as the strain increases. However, the increasing extent of the work-hardening rate decreases as the solution temperature increases. The strain-induced martensitic transformation (SIMT) of metastable austenite which causes the TRIP effect has two evolution mechanisms of γεα' and γα'. But SIMT can be suppressed when the solution temperature increases. The fracture surfaces of specimens solution treated at different temperatures show a quasi-cleavage mode, in which both ferrite and strain-induced martensite exhibit cleavage fracture while the residual austenite displays a dimple-mode fracture. Furthermore, the Md30 which can characterize the stability of metastable austenite was calculated, which decreases from 81 ℃ to 38 ℃ as the solution temperature increases from 1000 ℃ to 1200 ℃, indicating that the TRIP effect gets weakening at a higher solution temperature, and the work-hardening and plasticity therefore decrease.

Key wordsduplex stainless steel    solution temperature    work-hardening    TRIP effect    strain induced martensite
收稿日期: 2018-06-27     
ZTFLH:  TG142.1  
基金资助:国家自然科学基金项目(Nos.51675467);国家自然科学基金项目(Nos.51675465);河北省自然科学基金项目(No.E2016203284);中国博士后科学基金项目(Nos.2016-M600194);中国博士后科学基金项目(Nos.2017T100712)
通讯作者: 陈雷     E-mail: chenlei@ysu.edu.cn
Corresponding author: Lei CHEN     E-mail: chenlei@ysu.edu.cn
作者简介: 金 淼,男,1968年生,教授,博士

引用本文:

金淼, 李文权, 郝硕, 梅瑞雪, 李娜, 陈雷. 固溶温度对Mn-N型双相不锈钢拉伸变形行为的影响[J]. 金属学报, 2019, 55(4): 436-444.
Miao JIN, Wenquan LI, Shuo HAO, Ruixue MEI, Na LI, Lei CHEN. Effect of Solution Temperature on Tensile Deformation Behavior of Mn-N Bearing Duplex Stainless Steel. Acta Metall Sin, 2019, 55(4): 436-444.

链接本文:

https://www.ams.org.cn/CN/10.11900/0412.1961.2018.00276      或      https://www.ams.org.cn/CN/Y2019/V55/I4/436

图1  Mn-N合金化双相不锈钢拉伸样品尺寸
图2  不同固溶温度下Mn-N合金化双相不锈钢样品的显微组织
图3  不同固溶温度下Mn-N合金化双相不锈钢样品的工程应力-应变曲线
T / ℃Yield strength / MPaTensile strength / MPae / %eu / %SD / (GPa·%)
1000510102742.842.043.9
105049799446.546.046.2
110048693947.546.744.6
115047385539.639.135.1
120046077230.630.123.6
表1  不同固溶温度下Mn-N合金化双相不锈钢的力学性能
图4  不同固溶温度下Mn-N合金化双相不锈钢样品EBSD与带对比度分析
图5  1200 ℃固溶后Mn-N合金化双相不锈钢变形30%的组织EBSD分析
图6  不同固溶温度下Mn-N合金化双相不锈钢的真应力-应变-加工硬化率曲线
T / ℃εsεf
10000.080.35
10500.100.38
11000.090.38
11500.110.33
12000.130.26
表2  不同固溶温度下Mn-N合金化双相不锈钢马氏体相变的开始与结束应变
图7  不同固溶温度下Mn-N合金化双相不锈钢拉伸断口形貌
图8  Mn-N合金化双相不锈钢Md30随固溶温度变化曲线
图9  Mn-N合金化双相不锈钢相图
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