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金属学报  2020, Vol. 56 Issue (3): 278-290    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2019.00259
  研究论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
Si对铸造超高铬高碳双相钢组织及性能的影响
王桂芹,王琴,车宏龙,李亚军,雷明凯()
大连理工大学材料科学与工程学院表面工程实验室 大连 116024
Effects of Silicon on the Microstructure and Propertiesof Cast Duplex Stainless Steel with Ultra-HighChromium and High Carbon
WANG Guiqin,WANG Qin,CHE Honglong,LI Yajun,LEI Mingkai()
Surface Engineering Laboratory, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
全文: PDF(26061 KB)   HTML
摘要: 

针对0.46%Si (质量分数)和1.36%Si 2种40%超高铬1.5%高碳双相钢,采用OM、SEM、EPMA、XRD及化学分析等方法研究了2种钢的成分、铸态组织和凝固过程,以及固溶处理后钢的组织和相结构的变化。结果表明,2种钢铸态组织均由γ奥氏体、σ相和M23C6组成。Si含量为0.46%时,先析出树枝状δ铁素体,随后为(δ+M23C6)eutecticγperitectic,最后为(γ+M23C6)eutectic,其中δ铁素体在后续冷却过程中共析转变为(γ2+σ)eutectoid。Si含量为1.36%时,δ铁素体量增加导致σ相明显增加,包晶γ变为断续不规则形状,无(γ+M23C6)eutectic形成。固溶处理后,0.46%Si和1.36%Si 2种超高铬高碳双相钢均由铁素体、奥氏体和M23C6型碳化物三相组成,但Si含量的增加,明显提高了组织中铁素体的含量和连续性。实验结果还表明,Si使超高铬高碳钢的硬度、抗拉强度和断裂韧性有所增加,对耐蚀性影响不明显,但使耐磨性能略有下降。

关键词 超高铬高碳双相不锈钢凝固过程    
Abstract

Duplex stainless steels have excellent corrosion resistance, but its insufficient wear resistance limits its application scope. Therefore, alloying of duplex stainless steels to form hard phases, such as carbides, becomes one of the important research directions to enhance their wear resistance keeping their good corrosion resistance. Specifically, carbides are considered as an ideal hard phase to strengthen Fe-Cr-C alloys, where their types, hardness, volume fraction, morphology, size, spacing and interconnecting feature are the important factors affecting the wear resistance of the alloys. It has been shown that, Si as an alloying addition can modify the carbide precipitates in type, phase morphology and distribution in Fe-Cr-C alloys, having an obvious influence on their wear and corrosion resistance as well as their mechanical properties. In this work, the microstructure and properties of two types of ultra-high chromium (40%, mass fraction) and high carbon (1.5%) duplex stainless steels with different concentrations of Si (0.46% and 1.36%) are investigated. The composition, as-cast microstructure and solidification process as well as the changes in the microstructure, phase structure after solution treatment were studied by chemical analysis, OM, SEM, EPMA and XRD. The mechanical properties including hardness, tensile strength, fracture toughness, corrosion resistance and wear resistance have been tested correspondingly. It is revealed that, both the two kinds of duplex stainless steels have a constitution of three phases in as-cast state, i.e. γ phase, σ phase and M23C6. During the solidification process of the steel with 0.46%Si, δ ferrite dendrite forms at the beginning, followed by eutectic (δ+M23C6), peritectic γ, and finally eutectic (γ+M23C6), in which the δ phase transformed into eutectoid (γ2+σ) in the subsequent cooling process. For the duplex stainless steel with 1.36%Si, the increase of δ ferrite amount is observed leading to obviously increased content of σ phase, the morphology of peritectic γ becomes intermittent and irregular shape, and no eutectic (γ+M23C6) forms. After solution treatment, the two kinds of steels are composed of ferrite, austenite and M23C6 type carbide. Note that, the volume fraction and continuity of α ferrite are promoted obviously by increasing Si content from 0.46% to 1.36%. The Si addition slightly improves the hardness, tensile strength and fracture toughness of the duplex stainless steel, while has little effect on the corrosion resistance and slightly reduces the wear resistance.

Key wordsultra-high chromium high carbon    duplex stainless steel    silicon    solidification process
收稿日期: 2019-08-02     
ZTFLH:  TG13  
基金资助:国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2015CB057306);国家自然科学基金项目(U1508218)
通讯作者: 雷明凯     E-mail: mklei@dlut.edu.cn
Corresponding author: Mingkai LEI     E-mail: mklei@dlut.edu.cn
作者简介: 王桂芹,女,1961年生,副教授,博士

引用本文:

王桂芹,王琴,车宏龙,李亚军,雷明凯. Si对铸造超高铬高碳双相钢组织及性能的影响[J]. 金属学报, 2020, 56(3): 278-290.
Guiqin WANG, Qin WANG, Honglong CHE, Yajun LI, Mingkai LEI. Effects of Silicon on the Microstructure and Propertiesof Cast Duplex Stainless Steel with Ultra-HighChromium and High Carbon. Acta Metall Sin, 2020, 56(3): 278-290.

链接本文:

https://www.ams.org.cn/CN/10.11900/0412.1961.2019.00259      或      https://www.ams.org.cn/CN/Y2020/V56/I3/278

SteelSiCCrMnNiMoCuNFe
0.46%Si0.461.5240.480.685.922.450.970.125Bal.
1.36%Si1.361.4239.450.436.102.601.130.120Bal.
表1  2种超高铬高碳钢的化学成分 (mass fraction / %)
图1  超高铬高碳钢铸态试样的XRD谱
图2  含0.46%Si超高铬高碳钢铸态金相组织
图3  含1.36%Si超高铬高碳钢铸态金相组织
图4  超高铬高碳钢铸态试样的背散射电子像
SteelPointFeCrCNiMoMnCuSiN
0.46%Si1#59.18626.884-9.4101.1660.6811.6770.4610.535
2#59.95126.3140.0549.2691.2560.6701.4940.4880.504
3#20.76969.3774.3891.6493.1820.5010.1320.001-
4#54.60236.311-4.2722.9000.5830.5280.6920.113
5#62.01426.973-7.1601.3720.6471.3640.4200.049
1.36%Si1*56.49728.070-10.0671.3750.5971.7551.2630.376
2*19.83269.4984.4651.6423.7110.5280.1510.0220.151
3*50.66137.148-5.5793.8310.5610.5342.032-
4*63.97022.784-8.5100.3090.5882.4830.9800.376
表2  图4中超高铬高碳钢铸态试样微区成分分析 (mass fraction / %)
图5  超高铬高碳钢铸态刻蚀SEM像
SteelPointFeCrMoNiSi
0.46%Si1#50.7540.703.544.170.84
2#19.9272.935.991.16-
1.36%Si1*48.4837.564.556.552.86
2*19.6771.286.762.210.08
表3  图5中超高铬高碳钢铸态试样EDS分析 (mass fraction / %)
图6  超高铬高碳钢固溶处理试样的XRD谱
图7  超高铬高碳钢固溶处理试样的金相组织
图8  超高铬高碳钢固溶处理试样的背散射电子像
SteelPointFeCrCNiMoMnCuSiN
0.46%Si1#58.85626.5400.15810.6321.2660.7481.2640.2790.258
2#58.85833.639-5.4981.8870.5811.0630.6200.045
3#18.50069.4145.4471.9654.0300.4850.0820.0010.076
1.36%Si1*56.54428.002-9.4491.3620.5171.6011.3550.126
2*55.64932.219-6.8772.0470.3211.1021.7860.000
3*18.54069.7135.5821.7074.0890.1480.1970.0240.000
表4  图8中超高铬高碳钢固溶处理试样微区成分分析 (mass fraction / %)
SteelAs-castSolution treatment
HRCHRCσb / MPaKIC / (MPa·m1/2)
0.46%Si52.241.579328.321
1.36%Si56.542.183532.678
表5  超高铬高碳钢力学性能
图9  超高铬高碳钢固溶处理试样的工程应力-应变曲线
图10  超高铬高碳钢固溶处理试样的拉伸断口形貌
图11  超高铬高碳钢固溶处理试样的摩擦系数曲线
图12  超高铬高碳钢固溶处理试样的磨痕表面形貌
图13  超高铬高碳钢固溶处理试样在硼酸溶液中的阳极极化曲线
图14  超高铬高碳钢固溶处理试样在硼酸溶液中自钝化膜的Mott-Schottky曲线
SteelNDNAEfb (vs SCE)
1020 cm-31020 cm-3mV
0.46%Si3.36.6-439
1.36%Si3.46.9-430
表6  超高铬高碳钢固溶处理试样在硼酸溶液中自钝化膜载流子浓度及平带电位
图15  Fe-Cr-C三元合金相图液相面投影示意图
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