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金属学报  2019, Vol. 55 Issue (2): 181-190    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2018.00187
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轧制工艺对低牌号无取向电工钢相变退火组织、织构与磁性能的影响
顾晨, 杨平(), 毛卫民
北京科技大学材料科学与工程学院 北京 100083
The Influence of Rolling Process on the Microstructure, Texture and Magnetic Properties of Low Grades Non-Oriented Electrical Steel After Phase Transformation Annealing
Chen GU, Ping YANG(), Weimin MAO
School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
全文: PDF(6361 KB)   HTML
摘要: 

将低牌号无取向电工钢的原始铸坯采用不同的工艺轧制得到5组样品,在H2气氛下进行相变退火处理,使其发生αγα相变,采用EBSD、XRD和磁性能测量技术确定了不同轧制工艺对低牌号无取向电工钢相变退火组织、织构与磁性能的影响。结果表明,与常规再结晶退火处理相比,相变退火处理可显著粗化晶粒降低成品板铁损;相变过程中存在织构遗传现象,相比于热轧-冷轧工艺,直接冷轧工艺相变退火后更有利于获得{100}织构,并显著改善成品板的磁性能;低温热轧比高温热轧能保留更多的{100}取向晶粒,相变退火后成品板中的非{111}取向晶粒增多,并提高了成品板的磁性能;此外,工业板中P和Al元素的偏聚或氧化对相变退火后成品板的组织、织构与磁性能有不利影响。

关键词 无取向电工钢轧制工艺织构遗传相变化学元素    
Abstract

Non-oriented electrical steel sheets are important metallic functional materials for the iron cores in transformers and electrical motors, which require the performance characteristics of low iron loss and high magnetic induction. The magnetic properties of electrical steel critically depend on the microstructure and the occurring texture components. In addition, alloy elements can affect the magnetic properties by altering the electrical resistivity, microstructure and texture. At present, the quality of commercial non-oriented electrical steels are mainly optimized by the control of deformation, recrystallization parameters and chemical composition. And the microstructure, texture and magnetic properties are significantly influenced by the rolling process before recrystallization annealing. The favorite {100} texture in such condition takes at maximum only about 20% in volume fraction. In contrast, phase transformation combined with deformation can lead to nearly 80% volume fraction of {100}-oriented grains. In this work, the influence of rolling process on the microstructure, texture and magnetic properties of low grades non-oriented electrical steel after phase transformation annealing was studied by means of EBSD, XRD and magnetism measuring techniques. The starting material is a columnar-grained industrial low grades electrical steel cast slab. Five different initial microstructures are obtained after different rolling processes, the αγα phase transformation annealing of samples is conducted in a tube furnace under H2 atmosphere. The results show that phase transformation annealing can significantly coarsen grains and reduce the iron loss of non-oriented electrical steels compared with traditional recrystallization annealing. And the phase transformation texture is influenced by texture memory. Compared with hot rolling-cold rolling process, more {100}-oriented grains are obtained and the magnetic properties of non-oriented electrical steels are improved significantly after phase transformation in the directly cold rolling process. The proportion of non-{111} oriented grains increases and more initial {100}-oriented grains are retained after phase transformation in the process with lower hot rolling temperature, which improve the magnetic properties of final sample. In addition, the presence of P and Al elements in commercial electrical steels may affect the microstructure, texture and magnetic properties of non-oriented electrical steels due to segregation and oxidation after phase transformation.

Key wordsnon-oriented electrical steel    rolling process    texture memory    phase transformation    chemical element
收稿日期: 2018-05-10     
ZTFLH:  TG111  
基金资助:资助项目 国家自然科学基金项目No.51771024
作者简介:

作者简介 顾 晨,女,1993年生,硕士生

引用本文:

顾晨, 杨平, 毛卫民. 轧制工艺对低牌号无取向电工钢相变退火组织、织构与磁性能的影响[J]. 金属学报, 2019, 55(2): 181-190.
Chen GU, Ping YANG, Weimin MAO. The Influence of Rolling Process on the Microstructure, Texture and Magnetic Properties of Low Grades Non-Oriented Electrical Steel After Phase Transformation Annealing. Acta Metall Sin, 2019, 55(2): 181-190.

链接本文:

https://www.ams.org.cn/CN/10.11900/0412.1961.2018.00187      或      https://www.ams.org.cn/CN/Y2019/V55/I2/181

Processing route Hot rolling Cold rolling
A Holding at 1150 ℃ for 30 min, hot rolling by 3 passes and air cooling, 2 mm thickness in hot band, 80% rolling reduction Cold rolling to 0.35 mm (82.5%)
B
Holding at 1150 ℃ for 30 min, hot rolling to 4 mm, then reheating at 1150 ℃ for 5 min followed by 2 passes to 2 mm thickness, air cooling, 50% rolling reduction Cold rolling to 0.35 mm (82.5%)
C The same as route A except heating at 1100 ℃, air cooling, 80% rolling reduction, 2 mm thickness Cold rolling to 0.35 mm (82.5%)
D The same as route C, water cooling Cold rolling to 0.35 mm (82.5%)
E - Direct cold rolling to 0.35 mm (82.5%)
表1  相变退火前的轧制工艺
图1  原始铸坯的宏观组织与EBSD数据
图2  1300牌号工业退火板的EBSD数据
图3  不同热轧工艺下的热轧样品EBSD取向成像图及ODF截面图(φ2=45°)
  
图5  不同轧制工艺下的冷轧样品相变退火后的EBSD取向成像图及ODF截面图(φ2=45°)
图6  不同轧制工艺下相变退火后样品的平均晶粒尺寸分布图
图7  不同轧制工艺下相变退火板的磁性能
图8  工艺C下相变退火后样品表面的辉光放电光谱
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