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金属学报  2018, Vol. 54 Issue (2): 204-216    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2017.00425
  本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
原子尺度下凝固形核计算模拟研究的进展
王锦程(), 郭灿, 张琪, 唐赛, 李俊杰, 王志军
西北工业大学凝固技术国家重点实验室 西安 710072
Recent Progresses in Modeling of Nucleation During Solidification on the Atomic Scale
Jincheng WANG(), Can GUO, Qi ZHANG, Sai TANG, Junjie LI, Zhijun WANG
State Key Laboratory of Solidification Processing, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China
全文: PDF(8443 KB)   HTML
摘要: 

形核是一级不连续相变的起点,对后续材料组织的形成及最终产品的性能具有重要影响。形核过程、机制及其控制一直是材料科学和凝聚态物理等领域中最为活跃的研究课题之一。形核过程发生在原子空间尺度及扩散时间尺度,同时还具有随机性,因此充分认识形核过程将面临极大的挑战。受实验条件的限制,目前难以通过实验方法直接观测金属凝固中晶核的形成过程。近年来,随着计算材料科学的兴起,借助于数值模拟方法,凝固形核问题研究取得了很大的进展。本文首先回顾了形核理论的发展历程,然后对当前凝固形核模拟的研究进展进行述评,并介绍本课题组近年来基于晶体相场模型在形核研究方面的工作进展,最后对形核研究进行了展望。

关键词 凝固形核数值模拟研究进展    
Abstract

Nucleation, the starting point of first-order discontinuous phase transformations, has long been an important issue in condensed matter physics and materials science. It plays a key role in determining the microstructures and mechanical properties of crystalline materials. As nucleation occurs at the atomic length scale and the diffusional time scale and is a typical stochastic event, investigating such kind of multiple scale issues will be taken up an enormous challenge. Because of the limitations of present experimental methods, it is still very hard to observe the nucleation process in situ. With the development of computational materials science, a deeper understanding of nucleation process has been obtained with the numerical modeling of nucleation process on the atomic scale. In this paper, some recent developments in modeling and simulation of nucleation process during solidification on the atomic scale are reviewed. Firstly, the development of classical nucleation theory and the step nucleation theory are reviewed. Then the developments in modeling of nucleation process by using the phase field method, Monte-Carlo method, Molecular dynamics method and the phase field crystal model are discussed. After that, some recent progresses in modeling of nucleation process during solidification in our research group by using the phase field crystal model are demonstrated. Finally, the outlooks of the future study on the nucleation during solidification are also presented.

Key wordssolidification    nucleation    numerical simulation    research progress
收稿日期: 2017-10-13     
基金资助:国家自然科学基金项目Nos.51371151和51571165
作者简介:

作者简介 王锦程,男,1972年生,教授,博士

引用本文:

王锦程, 郭灿, 张琪, 唐赛, 李俊杰, 王志军. 原子尺度下凝固形核计算模拟研究的进展[J]. 金属学报, 2018, 54(2): 204-216.
Jincheng WANG, Can GUO, Qi ZHANG, Sai TANG, Junjie LI, Zhijun WANG. Recent Progresses in Modeling of Nucleation During Solidification on the Atomic Scale. Acta Metall Sin, 2018, 54(2): 204-216.

链接本文:

https://www.ams.org.cn/CN/10.11900/0412.1961.2017.00425      或      https://www.ams.org.cn/CN/Y2018/V54/I2/204

图1  经典形核过程与分步形核过程能量演化曲线与结构转变路径示意图[32]
图2  噪声诱发的管状基底表面异质形核得到串型多晶结构的过程[50]
图3  不同时刻纯金属凝固形核的109原子级别超大尺度分子动力学模拟结果[16]
图4  不同初始液相原子密度ψ0 (无量纲)条件下bcc基底上异质形核过程的晶体相场法模拟结果[76]
图5  相同温度参数不同初始原子密度ψ0条件下的形核及后续生长过程原子图像[84]
图6  不同参数条件下单个晶核形核过程中结构相变原子图像[82]
图7  不同过冷度ε下的晶体形核过程[85]
图8  初始液相成分为cini=0.5,温度参数为σ =0条件下的共晶凝固过程模拟结果
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