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Acta Metall Sin  2018, Vol. 54 Issue (12): 1777-1784    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2018.00129
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Effect of Manganese Content on Tensile Deformation Behavior of Fe-Mn-C TWIP Steels
Dongdong LI1,2, Lihe QIAN1,2(), Shuai LIU1,2, Jiangying MENG1, Fucheng ZHANG1,2
1 State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and Technology, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
2 National Engineering Research Center for Equipment and Technology of Cold Strip Rolling, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
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Twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP) steels exhibit excellent mechanical properties including high tensile strength and good plasticity owing to their high strain-hardening rate. The high strain-hardening rate results mainly from deformation twinning; in addition, plane slip and dynamic strain ageing also have some contribution to strain-hardening rate. Until now, the influences of some alloy elements such as C, Al and Si on tensile properties of Fe-Mn-C based TWIP steels have received much attention. However, the effect of Mn content on the microstructure and tensile properties of twinning-dominated Fe-Mn-C TWIP steels is still not clear. In this work, the microstructure, tensile properties and strain hardening behavior of two Fe-Mn-C TWIP steels (Fe-13Mn-1.0C and Fe-22Mn-1.0C, mass fraction, %) were studied by using OM, TEM, SEM-EBSD and monotonic tensile tests. The results show that the yield and tensile strengths of the steel decrease while the elongation to fracture increases with the increase of Mn content. At low tensile strains, the increase of Mn content delays the formation of deformation twins. However, at higher strain level, the deformation twinning rate becomes higher and hence more deformation twins are produced in the steel with higher Mn content than that in the steel with lower Mn content. Furthermore, the thickness of deformation twins increases with increasing the Mn content. The twinning and tensile deformation behavior in the two steels are also discussed.

Key words:  high manganese steel      TWIP steel      deformation twin      tensile property      strain hardening      dynamic strain ageing     
Received:  08 April 2018     
ZTFLH:  TG142.1  
Fund: Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.51171166)

Cite this article: 

Dongdong LI, Lihe QIAN, Shuai LIU, Jiangying MENG, Fucheng ZHANG. Effect of Manganese Content on Tensile Deformation Behavior of Fe-Mn-C TWIP Steels. Acta Metall Sin, 2018, 54(12): 1777-1784.

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Fig.1  OM images of Fe-13Mn-1.0C (a) and Fe-22Mn-1.0C (b) steels after solution treatment at 1373 K for 2 and 30 min, respectively
Steel Mass fraction / % SFE
C Mn Al Si S P Fe mJm-2
Fe-13Mn-1.0C 0.99 12.95 <0.011 <0.001 0.007 <0.001 Bal. 27
Fe-22Mn-1.0C 0.97 21.97 <0.001 <0.001 0.018 <0.001 Bal. 37
Table 1  Chemical compositions and stacking fault energies (SFE) of the experimental TWIP steels
Fig.2  Stress-strain curves and local magnification (inset) (a) and strain hardening rate curves (b) of Fe-13Mn-1.0C and Fe-22Mn-1.0C steels
Fig.3  EBSD inverse pole figures (IPF) of the longitudinal section of Fe-13Mn-1.0C (a) and Fe-22Mn-1.0C (b) steels deformed to the strain of 0.6
Fig.4  SEM images of the longitudinal section of Fe-13Mn-1.0C steel (a, c, e) and Fe-22Mn-1.0C steel (b, d, f) deformed to the strains of 0.1 (a, b), 0.2 (c, d) and fracture (e, f)
Fig.5  Variation of the area fraction of twins as a function of strain in Fe-13Mn-1.0C and Fe-22Mn-1.0C steels
Fig.6  TEM images and the corresponding selected area electron diffraction patterns (insets) of Fe-13Mn-1.0C (a) and Fe-22Mn-1.0C (b) steels after fracture
Fig.7  Statistical results of twin thickness (a) and twin spacing (b) of Fe-13Mn-1.0C and Fe-22Mn-1.0C steels after fracture
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