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金属学报  2019, Vol. 55 Issue (1): 133-140    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2018.00297
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原位生成铁基复合材料中TiB2的三维形貌重构
王宝刚1, 易红亮1(), 王国栋1, 骆智超2,3, 黄明欣2,3
1 东北大学轧制技术及连轧自动化国家重点实验室 沈阳 110819
2 香港大学机械工程系 香港 00852
3 香港大学深圳研究院 深圳 518000
Reconstruction of 3D Morphology of TiB2 in In Situ Fe Matrix Composites
Baogang WANG1, Hongliang YI1(), Guodong WANG1, Zhichao LUO2,3, Mingxin HUANG2,3
1 State Key Laboratory of Rolling Technology and Automation, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 00852, China
3 Shenzhen Institute of Research and Innovation, The University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen 518000, China
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摘要: 

采用腐蚀法和计算机辅助设计(Creo Parametric)技术重构了原位生成Fe-TiB2复合材料中增强相TiB2在铁素体基体中的三维形貌,利用OM和SEM对增强相TiB2的二维形貌和三维形貌进行比对分析,并结合压缩实验重新诠释了该材料的断裂机理。结果表明:单晶TiB2初生相为六边形端面的八面体棱柱结构,多由2个或多个尺寸不一的单晶棱柱交错贯穿组成,其空间位置杂乱无章;共晶相TiB2由瓣状/细柱状相和枝晶状相组成。Fe-TiB2复合材料在承受载荷时,瓣状/细柱状和枝晶状共晶相相较于初生相TiB2更容易发生脆断,成为材料断裂失效的主要诱因。二维微观组织观察到的小颗粒TiB2相在实际空间中并不存在,通过控制凝固过程获得真正三维空间上的小颗粒TiB2相对该复合材料的性能至关重要。

关键词 铁基复合材料增强相TiB2三维形貌初生相共晶相    
Abstract

TiB2 strengthened Fe matrix composites (Fe-TiB2) are potential lightweight materials for lightweight structure materials as they possess high modulus, low density, high strength and good ductility. More importantly, Fe-TiB2 composite can be produced by eutectic solidification, which is suitable for massive production using thin slab casting and strip casting in the steel industry. The microstructure of Fe-TiB2 composite is composed of ferrite matrix, primary TiB2 and eutectic TiB2 reinforcements. Ceramic TiB2 is a hard brittle phase and it is easy to generate stress concentration when bearing load. The shape and size of TiB2 can affect the mechanical properties of Fe-TiB2 composite and the formability of sheet metal. The morphology and size of TiB2 reinforcements are commonly observed using optical or electron microscope, which can only provide two-dimensional (2D) cross-section of the reinforcements. Nevertheless, the TiB2 particles have various aspect ratios in three-dimensional (3D) space, which have not yet been well investigated. The present work proposes a new method combining deep etching and computer aided design (Creo Parametric) technology to reconstruct the 3D morphology of TiB2 reinforcements in the Fe-TiB2 composites. The OM, SEM were used to compare and analyze the 2D and 3D morphologies of the TiB2 reinforcements. The fracture mechanism of the Fe-TiB2 composite was reinterpreted by compression test. The results indicated that the primary TiB2 reinforcements have an octahedral prism structure, which is mostly composed of two or even more single crystal prisms, and are randomly distributed in the matrix without preferred orientations. The eutectic TiB2 reinforcements consist of lamelliform/fine columnar phase and dendrite phase. The lamelliform/fine columnar and dendrite eutectic phase in Fe-TiB2 composite are more prone to brittle fracture than the primary phase TiB2 during loading. Therefore, it is the main cause of fracture failure of the material during loading. The small TiB2 particles observed by 2D microstructure do not exist in real 3D space. It is proposed that small and spherical TiB2 particles are preferred and could be produced by controlling solidification process.

Key wordsFe matrix composite    reinforced phase TiB2    three-dimensional morphology    primary phase    eutectic phase
收稿日期: 2018-07-01     
ZTFLH:  O766  
基金资助:国家自然科学基金项目Nos.51722402和U1560204及中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目No.N170705001
作者简介:

作者简介 王宝刚,男,1987年生,博士

引用本文:

王宝刚, 易红亮, 王国栋, 骆智超, 黄明欣. 原位生成铁基复合材料中TiB2的三维形貌重构[J]. 金属学报, 2019, 55(1): 133-140.
Baogang WANG, Hongliang YI, Guodong WANG, Zhichao LUO, Mingxin HUANG. Reconstruction of 3D Morphology of TiB2 in In Situ Fe Matrix Composites. Acta Metall Sin, 2019, 55(1): 133-140.

链接本文:

https://www.ams.org.cn/CN/10.11900/0412.1961.2018.00297      或      https://www.ams.org.cn/CN/Y2019/V55/I1/133

图1  Fe-13%TiB2复合材料的OM像及其抽象示意图
图2  Fe-13%TiB2复合材料深腐蚀后的SEM像及增强相TiB2三维形貌重构示意图
图3  Fe-13%TiB2复合材料经不同压缩应变量后的SEM像
图4  剖切重构后的三维增强相TiB2及其对应的典型的二维形貌示意图
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