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Acta Metall Sin  2020, Vol. 56 Issue (4): 549-557    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2019.00453
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Research and Application Progress in Ultra-HighStrength Stainless Steel
LIU Zhenbao(),LIANG Jianxiong,SU Jie,WANG Xiaohui,SUN Yongqing,WANG Changjun,YANG Zhiyong
Division of Special Steels, Central Iron and Steel Research Institute, Beijing 100081, China
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Abstract  

In the present work, the development and research on ultra-high strength stainless steels (UHSSS) have been systematically reviewed. Specifically, the focus was primarily placed on the precipitation hardening and austenite phase toughening mechanisms. And, the hydrogen-induced stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and hydrogen embrittlement (HE) behaviors of high-strength stainless steels were also retrospected. It is suggested that the future development of UHSSS is on the basis of computer-aided alloy designing system, strengthening via multiple high-coherency precipitates and toughening by filmy high-stability austenite phase. Besides, verification of the SCC and HE underlying mechanisms is vital to further optimizing the performance of UHSSS.

Key words:  ultra-high strength stainless steel      strengthening and toughening mechanism      hydrogen embrittlement      stress corrosion      precipitate      reverted austenite     
Received:  27 December 2019     
ZTFLH:  TG142.71  
Fund: National Key Research and Development Program of China(2016YFB0300104)
Corresponding Authors:  Zhenbao LIU     E-mail:  liuzhenbao@nercast.com

Cite this article: 

LIU Zhenbao,LIANG Jianxiong,SU Jie,WANG Xiaohui,SUN Yongqing,WANG Changjun,YANG Zhiyong. Research and Application Progress in Ultra-HighStrength Stainless Steel. Acta Metall Sin, 2020, 56(4): 549-557.

URL: 

https://www.ams.org.cn/EN/10.11900/0412.1961.2019.00453     OR     https://www.ams.org.cn/EN/Y2020/V56/I4/549

SteelCCrNiTiMoAlCuCoMnWFe
17-4PH0.0716.04.0---4.0-≤1.0-Bal.
15-5PH0.0415.04.7---3.0-≤1.0-Bal.
Custom4500.0414.98.5---1.5---Bal.
PH13-80.0312.67.9-1.71.0----Bal.
Ultrafort4010.0212.08.20.82.0--5.3--Bal.
Ultrafort4030.0211.07.70.44.4--9.0--Bal.
1RK910.0112.29.00.874.00.331.95-0.320.15Bal.
Custom4650.0211.611.01.51.0-----Bal.
USS122G0.0912.03.0-5.0--14.0-1.0Bal.
Ferrium?S530.219.04.80.021.5--13.0-1.0Bal.
Table 1  Chemical compositions of typical high strength stainless steels[13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21]
SteelRp0.2 / MPaRm / MPaKIC / (MPa·m1/2)AKU / JStrengthening phase
17-4PH12621365-21Cu
15-5PH12131289-79Cu
Custom45012691289-55Cu
PH13-814481551-41NiAl
Ultrafort4011565166910356Ni3Ti
Ultrafort403166916896034Ni3Ti
1RK91150017005827Cu/Ni3Ti
Custom4651703177971-Ni3Ti
USS122G1550194090-Laves/α'
Ferrium?S531551198677-M2C
Table 2  Mechanical properties of typical high strength stainless steels[13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21]
Fig.1  Atom probe tomography (APT) map within a selected cube (box size is 70 nm×70 nm×240 nm) of a newly developed ultra-high strength steel aged specimenColor online
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