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Acta Metall Sin  2015, Vol. 51 Issue (4): 417-424    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2014.00582
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INTERPHASE PRECIPITATION BEHAVIORS OF NANOMETER-SIZED CARBIDES IN A Nb-Ti-BEARING LOW-CARBON MICROALLOYED STEEL
LI Xiaolin, WANG Zhaodong
State Key Laboratory of Rolling and Automation, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819
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Abstract  High strength low alloy steels utilize chemical composition design of low carbon content and are microalloyed with Nb, V and Ti, or other additions, such as Mo and B, etc. The increase of strength is attributed to grain refinement strengthening, solid-solution strengthening, dislocation strengthening and precipitation hardening. Moreover, the precipitation hardening attracts more and more attentions. However, the detailed results on the sheet spacing, inter-particle spacing, crystallography, composition and the nucleation site of the interphase precipitation carbides in Nb-Ti containing steels have not been reported as yet. In this work, the microstructure, mechanical properties and precipitation behaviors in a low carbon Nb-Ti microalloyed steel were investigated using the dilatometer and TEM. The results show that the interphase precipitation can be observed for different isothermal temperatures and the sheet spacing, inter-particle spacing and size of the interphase precipitation carbides are refined by lowing isothermal temperature. The characteristic sheets of interphase precipitation carbides were identified as planar and curved. The planar sheets of interphase precipitation carbides have been analyzed and found to be parallel with {011},{012},{013}and {035} planes of ferrite. Moreover, the interphase precipitation carbides which have been determined to be (Nb, Ti)C have a NaCl-type crystal structure with a lattice parameter of 0.434 nm and obey the Baker-Nutting (B-N) orientation relationship with respect to ferrite matrix. The contribution of the interphase precipitation hardening to the yield strength of the experiment steel has been estimated above 300 MPa, based on the Orowan mechanism.
Key words:  Nb-Ti-bearing microalloyed steel      interphase precipitation      Vickers hardness      HRTEM      orientation relationship      lattice misfit     
ZTFLH:  TG113  
Fund: ; Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.51234002)
Corresponding Authors:  Correspondent: WANG Zhaodong, professor, Tel: (024)83686426, E-mail: zhaodongwang@263.net     E-mail:  zhaodongwang@263.net

Cite this article: 

LI Xiaolin, WANG Zhaodong. INTERPHASE PRECIPITATION BEHAVIORS OF NANOMETER-SIZED CARBIDES IN A Nb-Ti-BEARING LOW-CARBON MICROALLOYED STEEL. Acta Metall Sin, 2015, 51(4): 417-424.

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https://www.ams.org.cn/EN/10.11900/0412.1961.2014.00582     OR     https://www.ams.org.cn/EN/Y2015/V51/I4/417

  Schematic of the heat treatment
  Dilation curves of the specimens isothermally treated at different temperatures for 20 min
  OM images of the specimens isothermally treated at 690 ℃ (a), 660 ℃ (b), 630 ℃ (c) and 600 ℃ (d) for 20 min (F—ferrite, M—martensite)
  Schematic of TEM observation about the interphase precipitation carbides (L1—sheet spacing, L2—inter-particle spacing )
  TEM images of curved interphase precipitation (CIP) carbides with irregular sheet spacing at 690 ℃ (a), CIP carbides with regular sheet spacing at 660 ℃ (b), a mixture of planar interphase precipitation (PIP) carbides and CIP carbides with regular sheet spacing at 630 ℃ (c) and PIP carbides at 600 ℃ (d)
  TEM images (a, c) and corresponding SAED patterns (b, d) of the interphase precipitation carbides in specimens isothermally treated at 630 ℃ (a, b) and 600 ℃ (c, d) for 20 min
  HRTEM images (a, c), corresponding fast Fourier transformed diffractograms (b, d) and the EDS (e) of the interphase precipitation carbides in specimens isothermally treated at 660 ℃ (a, b) and 600 ℃ (c~e) for 20 min
  Vickers hardness of the specimens isothermally treated at different temperatures for 20 min
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