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金属学报  2020, Vol. 56 Issue (4): 459-475    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2019.00399
  综述 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
综述:钢中亚稳奥氏体组织与疲劳性能关系
徐伟(),黄明浩,王金亮,沈春光,张天宇,王晨充
东北大学轧制技术及连轧自动化国家重点实验室 沈阳 110819
Review: Relations Between Metastable Austenite and Fatigue Behavior of Steels
XU Wei(),HUANG Minghao,WANG Jinliang,SHEN Chunguang,ZHANG Tianyu,WANG Chenchong
State Key Laboratory of Rolling and Automation, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
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摘要: 

随着金属材料常规力学性能研究的不断深化与完善,疲劳、蠕变等长时间服役性能越来越成为制约金属材料发展的瓶颈问题。钢铁材料是最重要的工程结构材料之一,为阐明其疲劳失效机理,关于钢铁材料显微组织与疲劳性能关系的研究更是领域内长久以来的热点和难点问题。随着钢铁冶炼技术的日新月异,对于疲劳性能的组织影响因素研究也逐步从夹杂物向亚稳奥氏体、析出物等特征组织因素转变。因此,为进一步分析疲劳性能的组织影响因素研究的可行方向,本文着重综述了先进钢铁材料中亚稳奥氏体组织对疲劳性能的影响规律,总结了相关学者针对低周疲劳、高周疲劳等不同服役条件提出的亚稳奥氏体对疲劳性能的影响机制,并进一步以已有实验结果为数据支撑,通过支持向量机、BP神经网络等机器学习算法对亚稳奥氏体组织特征与疲劳性能关系进行了定量化评估,初步形成了亚稳奥氏体含量/稳定性与疲劳寿命的定量关系,为钢铁材料疲劳性能的机理研究提供基础与方向性指导。

关键词 先进钢铁材料亚稳奥氏体疲劳性能失效机制数据挖掘    
Abstract

With the deepening and improvement of the research on the conventional mechanical properties of metallic materials, the long-term service properties, such as fatigue and creep, showed more and more critical influence on the development of metallic materials. As one of the most important engineering structural materials, in order to clarify the fatigue failure mechanism, the research of steels on the relationship between microstructure and fatigue properties has been a hot and difficult problem for a long time. With the rapid development of smelting technology for steels, the research on the influencing factors of fatigue gradually changes from inclusions to microstructures as metastable austenite, precipitates, etc. Therefore, in order to further analyze the feasible direction of the research on the influence of microstructure on fatigue, this paper summarizes the influence and mechanism of metastable austenite on the fatigue property of advanced steel materials. The influence mechanism of metastable austenite on fatigue property by relevant scholars under different service conditions such as low cycle fatigue and high cycle fatigue was reviewed. Based on the experimental results, the relationship between metastable austenite and fatigue properties was quantitatively evaluated by machine learning. The quantitative relationship between the content/stability of metastable austenite and fatigue life was established, which could provide the basis direction for the further study of the mechanism of fatigue for steels.

Key wordsadvanced steel    metastable austenite    fatigue property    failure mechanism    machine learning
收稿日期: 2019-11-23     
ZTFLH:  TG111.8  
基金资助:国家自然科学基金优秀青年基金项目(51722101);国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFB0703001);牛顿高级学者基金项目(51961130389)
通讯作者: 徐伟     E-mail: xuwei@ral.neu.edu.cn
Corresponding author: Wei XU     E-mail: xuwei@ral.neu.edu.cn
作者简介: 徐 伟,男,1979年生,教授

引用本文:

徐伟,黄明浩,王金亮,沈春光,张天宇,王晨充. 综述:钢中亚稳奥氏体组织与疲劳性能关系[J]. 金属学报, 2020, 56(4): 459-475.
Wei XU, Minghao HUANG, Jinliang WANG, Chunguang SHEN, Tianyu ZHANG, Chenchong WANG. Review: Relations Between Metastable Austenite and Fatigue Behavior of Steels. Acta Metall Sin, 2020, 56(4): 459-475.

链接本文:

https://www.ams.org.cn/CN/10.11900/0412.1961.2019.00399      或      https://www.ams.org.cn/CN/Y2020/V56/I4/459

图1  引入亚稳奥氏体组织提高低周疲劳寿命[41,42]和亚稳奥氏体组织存在降低低周疲劳寿命[43]
图2  TRIP590和DP590钢在不同应变振幅下的应力振幅随循环次数的演变[44]
图3  不同奥氏体形态试样的应力幅[50]
图4  根据文献[53]得到的不同应变振幅下的应力振幅和循环次数以及不同疲劳周次下马氏体体积分数
图5  应力振幅随循环次数的变化[54,55]
图6  奥氏体含量与疲劳强度关系[4,5,8,56,57]
图7  亚稳奥氏体稳定性与疲劳强度的关系[47,48,59,65,66]
图8  3种不同稳定性奥氏体不锈钢的S-N曲线[67]
Fatigue featureLow cycle fatigueHigh cycle fatigue
of austenite

Volume fraction of austenite

Positive correlation[29,33,40,42,44]

(1) austenite has advantages on plasticity[42,44];

(2) the compressive stress and shear strain produced by martensitic transformation can reduce the plastic strain[33];

(3) energy absorption during TRIP process[40,44];

(4) crack closure caused by TRIP effect[40,44];

(5) resistance of stress softening during cyclic loading[29,42,44];

(6) the crack tip passivated by martensitic transformation[42]

Negative correlation[45,46,48]

(1) martensite transformation is easy to be used as the source of crack initiation during the TRIP process[45];

(2) martensite formed by TRIP effect is easy to be used as the path of crack growth[48];

(3) remarkable cyclic hardening caused by martensitic transformation[46]

Inconclusive[47]

There is a competitive relationship between the effect of inhibiting crack growth and inducing crack initiation

Positive correlation[46,54,56,57,58,59,60,61]

(1) austenite has more slip systems, which can slow down dislocation entanglement and reduce local stress concentration, thus delaying the crack initiation[46,56,57,58,59,60];

(2) DARA effect[61];

(3) the existence of austenite would resist the dislocation moving[46];

(4) energy absorption during TRIP process[54,57];

(5) strengthening by TRIP effect[58];

(6) the higher amount of retained austenite brings more obstacles for fatigue crack growth[56,57];

(7) crack closure caused by volume expansion during the DIMT process[46,56]

Negative correlation[48,62,63]

Showed negative correlation in TRIP steel and martensitic precipitation hardening stainless steel, but lack of theoretical explanation

Stability of austenite

Positive correlation[47,49]

(1) the film-like retained austenite is beneficial to prevent crack growth[49];

(2) it can avoid the cracks caused by the stress-strain mismatch between the austenite and matrix due to its high hardness[49];

(3) the film-like austenite can also bring more RICC effect[49], and prevent the crack initiation caused by elastic mismatch between the new formed and previous martensite[47];

(4) the unstable austenite exhibits significant cycle hardening during cycle loading, which is not conducive to the stability of cycle stress[49]

Negative correlation[54]

The block retained austenite performs good compatibility deformation ability

Positive correlation[43,49,59,60,65]

(1) the highly stable austenite transformed to martensite after crack initiation which is benefit to fatigue properties[65];

(2) film-like austenite brings more RICC effect[49];

(3) production of film-like austenite would refine the microstructure[60];

(4) the calculated results of FGA show that the blocky-like austenite plays negative role on crack initiation[59];

(5) the large-size austenite is easy to transform into brittle martensite under elastic deformation, which is unfavorable to fatigue stress[43]

Negative correlation[67]

The unstable austenite performs great compatible deformation ability and plasticity

表1  奥氏体组织特征对疲劳性能影响汇总[29,33,40,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49,54,56,57,58,59,60,61,62,63,65,67]
图9  不同经验公式下奥氏体的堆垛层错能(γSF)、30%应变条件下50%奥氏体转变为马氏体的温度(Md30)与低周疲劳寿命Pearson相关性系数(ρXY)的关系
图10  高周疲劳强度与奥氏体含量的关系[4,5,28,57,59,60,66,83,84,85,86,87,88,89,90,91,92,93,94,95,96]
图11  根据支持向量机(SVM)和反向传播神经网络(BPNN)计算的奥氏体体积分数(fv)、奥氏体相内C的质量分数(fm)及拉伸性能与疲劳强度的平均相关系数(R2)
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