Please wait a minute...
金属学报  2016, Vol. 52 Issue (10): 1326-1332    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2016.00341
  本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
低合金钢TMCP中相变热力学/动力学相关性探讨*
刘峰(),王慷
西北工业大学凝固技术国家重点实验室, 西安 710072
DISCUSSIONS ON THE CORRELATION BETWEEN THERMODYNAMICS AND KINETICS DURING THE PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE TMCP OF LOW-ALLOY STEELS
Feng LIU(),Kang WANG
State Key Laboratory of Solidification Processing, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China
全文: PDF(1513 KB)   HTML  
  
摘要: 

基于经典相变理论, 分析相变中关键热力学/动力学参量, 提出相变热力学/动力学相关性概念; 结合低合金钢控制轧制与控制冷却工艺(TMCP)涉及相变的实验研究, 总结热力学驱动力、动力学能垒与相变条件间关联; 进而探讨相变中热力学/动力学相关性; 最后对热力学/动力学相关性的潜在应用进行了展望.

关键词 低合金钢相变热力学动力学相关性    
Abstract

Thermo-mechanical control process (TMCP) plays a key role in the manufacturing of hot-rolled low-alloy steels, as well as the optimization of microstructures and properties. However, the various phase transformations involved in the TMCP of steels and its impact on the microstructures/properties are still not fully understood. In the present work, on the basis of classical theories of phase transformations and previous experimental results, the key parameters controlling the phase transformation processes are analyzed, from which the correlation between thermodynamics and kinetics of the phase transformations are proposed; then, this correlation in the phase transformations of low-alloy steels and its effect on the competing mechanisms of transformations are analyzed; based on well-established theories (i.e. the first-principles calculations and the double well potential in phase field methods), the energetics of the Bain path of Na and the fcc/bcc transformation of Fe are calculated to demonstrate the correlation between thermodynamics and kinetics. Eventually, the current work is summarized and the potential applications of the correlation between thermodynamics and kinetics of phase transformations are proposed.

Key wordslow-alloy steel    phase transformation    thermodynamics    kinetics    correlation
收稿日期: 2016-08-01      出版日期: 2016-08-24
ZTFLH:     
基金资助:* 国家自然科学基金项目51431008和凝固技术国家重点实验室自主研究课题项目117-TZ-2015资助

引用本文:

刘峰, 王慷. 低合金钢TMCP中相变热力学/动力学相关性探讨*[J]. 金属学报, 2016, 52(10): 1326-1332.
Feng LIU, Kang WANG. DISCUSSIONS ON THE CORRELATION BETWEEN THERMODYNAMICS AND KINETICS DURING THE PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE TMCP OF LOW-ALLOY STEELS. Acta Metall, 2016, 52(10): 1326-1332.

链接本文:

http://www.ams.org.cn/CN/10.11900/0412.1961.2016.00341      或      http://www.ams.org.cn/CN/Y2016/V52/I10/1326

图1  Fe-0.2C-1Mn-1Si 低合金钢经1050 ℃等温5 min之后以不同冷速冷却到室温时的马氏体组织
图2  金属Na的Bain转变过程中能量变化受体积影响
图3  基于相场法双阱势函数分析纯Fe的fcc/bcc转变的界面能量变化
图4  TMCP调控中加工条件-相变理论-组织性能一体化和定量化研究的逻辑关系图
[1] Herlach D M.Mater Sci Eng Rep, 1994; 12: 172
[2] Zhao J C, Notis M R.Mater Sci Eng Rep, 1995; 15: 135
[3] Willnecker R, Herlach D M, Feuerbacher B.Phys Rev Lett, 1989; 62: 2707
[4] Liu Y C, Sommer F, Mittemeijer E J.Acta Mater, 2006; 54: 3383
[5] Bhadeshia H K D H.Mater Sci Eng, 1999; A273: 58
[6] Nishiyama Z. Martensitic Transformation.New York: Academic Press, 1978: 211
[7] Xu Z Y.Phase Transformation in Materials. Beijing: Higher Education Press, 2013: 43
[7] (徐祖耀. 材料相变. 北京:高等教育出版社, 2013: 43)
[8] Hillert M. Phase Equilibria, Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations-Their Thermodynamic Basis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998: 80
[9] Liu F, Sommer F, Bos C, Mittemeijer E J.Int Mater Rev, 2007; 52: 193
[10] Liu F, Wang H F, Song S J, Zhang K, Yang G C, Zhou Y H.Prog Phys, 2012, 32: 1
[11] Christian J W.The Theory of Transfomation in Metals and Alloys, Part 1: Equilibrium and General Kinetics Theory. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 2002: 422, 1015
[12] Kelton F.Solid State Phys, 1991; 45: 75
[13] Weeks J D, Gilmer G H.Adv Chem Phys, 1979; 40: 157
[14] Turnbull D.J Phys Chem, 1962; 66: 609
[15] Aziz M J, Boettinger W J.Acta Metall Mater, 1994; 42: 527
[16] Eyring H.J Chem Phys, 1995; 3: 107
[17] Liu F, Sommer F, Mittemeijer E J.Acta Mater, 2004; 52: 3207
[18] Zhang J M.J Phys, 1984; F14: 769
[19] Zhao Y T, Shang C J, Yang S W, Wang X M, He X L.Mater Sci Eng, 2006; A433: 169
[20] Madariaga I, Gutiérrez I, García-de A C, Capdevila C.Scr Mater, 1999; 41: 229
[21] Zhao Y T, Shang C J, He X L, Guo H.Acta Metall Sin, 2006; 42: 54
[21] (赵运堂, 尚成嘉, 贺信莱, 郭晖. 金属学报, 2006; 42: 54)
[22] Tang W J, Zheng L, Wang Z Q, Zheng F.Baosteel Technol, 2010; (2): 45
[22] (唐文军, 郑磊, 王自强, 郑芳. 宝钢技术, 2010; (2): 45)
[23] Delaey L.In: Kostorz G ed., Phase Transformations in Materials, Weinheim: Wiley-Vch, 2001: 630
[24] Hong M, Wang K, Chen Y Z, Liu F.J Alloys Compd, 2015; 647: 763
[25] Zhao M C, Yang K, Xiao F R, Shan Y Y.Mater Sci Eng, 2003; A355: 126
[26] Smith Y E, Siebert C A.Metall Trans, 1971; 2: 1711
[27] Wang Z D, Qu J B, Liu X H, Wang G D.Acta Metall Sin, 1998; 11: 121
[27] (王昭东, 曲锦波, 刘相华, 王国栋. 金属学报, 1998; 11: 121)
[28] Weng Y Q.Ultra-Fine Grained Steels. Beijing: Metallurgical Industry Press, and Berlin: Springer-Verlag GmbH, 2009: 86
[29] Matsumura Y, Yada H.Trans ISIJ, 1987; 27: 492
[30] Yada H, Li C M, Yamagata H.ISIJ Int, 2000; 40: 200
[31] Yu W, Chen Y L, Chen Y L, Liao D J.J Univ Sci Technol Beijing, 2002; 24: 643
[31] (余伟, 陈银莉, 陈雨来, 廖东骏. 北京科技大学学报, 2002; 24: 643)
[32] Wang X D, Huang B X, Wang L, Rong Y H.Metall Mater Trans, 2008; 39A: 1
[33] Kelly M J.J Phys, 1979; 9F: 1921
[34] Henkelman G, Uberuaga B P, Jónsson H.J Chem Phys, 2000; 113: 9901
[35] Okatov S V, Kuznetsov A R, Gornostyrev Y N, Urtsev V N, Katsnelson M I.Phys Rev, 2009; 79B: 094111
[36] Kresse G, Furthmuller J.Phys Rev, 1996; 54B: 11169
[37] Methfessel M, Paxton A T.Phys Rev, 1989; 40B: 3616
[38] Perdew J P, Burke K, Ernzerhof M.Phys Rev Lett, 1996; 77: 3865
[39] Boettinger W J, Warren J A, Beckermann C, Karma A.Annu Rev Mater Res, 2002; 32: 163
[40] Peter G B, Christoph D, Chandler D.PNAS, 2000; 97: 5877
[41] Radhakrishnan R, Trout B L.In: Yip S ed., Handbook of Materials Modeling, Netherlands: Springer, 2005: 1613
[42] Heo T W, Chen L Q.Acta Mater, 2014; 76: 68
[43] Dinsdale A T.Calphad, 1991; 15: 317
[1] 丁雨田,高钰璧,豆正义,高鑫,刘德学,贾智. 形变诱导GH3625合金热挤压管材δ相的析出行为[J]. 金属学报, 2017, 53(6): 695-702.
[2] 张军,陈文雄,郑成武,李殿中. Fe-C-Mn三元合金中奥氏体-铁素体相变的相场模拟[J]. 金属学报, 2017, 53(6): 760-768.
[3] 曾贵民,罗海文,李军,龚坚,黎先浩,王现辉. 取向硅钢低温加热工艺中渗氮工序的实验与数值模拟研究[J]. 金属学报, 2017, 53(6): 743-750.
[4] 张晓嵩,徐勇,张士宏,程明,赵永好,唐巧生,丁月霞. 塑性变形及固溶处理对奥氏体不锈钢晶间腐蚀性能的协同作用研究[J]. 金属学报, 2017, 53(3): 335-344.
[5] 王晨充,张弛,杨志刚,苏杰,翁宇庆. 高Co-Ni二次硬化钢的设计准则与时效工艺分析[J]. 金属学报, 2017, 53(2): 175-182.
[6] 章楼文,杨平,毛卫民. 电工钢相变组织中的Σ3和取向梯度现象[J]. 金属学报, 2017, 53(1): 19-30.
[7] 戎咏华,陈乃录. C同时提高马氏体钢强度和塑性的原理和机制[J]. 金属学报, 2017, 53(1): 1-9.
[8] 王刚,徐磊,崔玉友,杨锐. TiAl预合金粉末热等静压致密化机理及热处理对微观组织的影响*[J]. 金属学报, 2016, 52(9): 1079-1088.
[9] 陈瑞,许庆彦,柳百成. Al-Mg-Si合金中针棒状析出相时效析出动力学及强化模拟研究*[J]. 金属学报, 2016, 52(8): 987-999.
[10] 宋鹏程,柳文波,陈磊,张弛,杨志刚. 形状记忆合金Au30Cu25Zn45中热弹性马氏体相变的相场模拟*[J]. 金属学报, 2016, 52(8): 1000-1008.
[11] 刘力恒,车淳山,孔纲,卢锦堂,张双红. 热镀Zn-0.2%Al镀层中Fe-Al抑制层失稳机理及其热力学评估*[J]. 金属学报, 2016, 52(5): 614-624.
[12] 钟玉洁,戴洪斌,王平. 水合肼制氢Ni-Pt/La2O3催化剂研制及其反应动力学研究*[J]. 金属学报, 2016, 52(4): 505-512.
[13] 张玉妥,李丛,王培,李殿中. 9Ni钢拉伸性能的同步辐射高能X射线原位研究*[J]. 金属学报, 2016, 52(4): 403-409.
[14] 邓德安,张彦斌,李索,童彦刚. 固态相变对P92钢焊接接头残余应力的影响*[J]. 金属学报, 2016, 52(4): 394-402.
[15] 张文颖, 李俊, 周波. 金属连接体涂层材料MnCo2O4尖晶石的氧化动力学行为和电性能*[J]. 金属学报, 2016, 52(3): 355-360.