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Acta Metall Sin  2015, Vol. 51 Issue (3): 272-280    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2014.00347
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LIU Zheng1, LIU Xiaomei1, ZHU Tao1, CHEN Qingchun2
1 School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou 341000; 2 School of Material Science and Engineering, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou 341000
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Abstract  When solidification of Al alloy melt was disturbed by electromagnetic field, its microstructure and properties were influenced by the diffusion and distribution of the solute and refinement in the melt. So it was necessary to study the metallurgical behavior of RE with electromagnetic stirring and to probe its diffusion and distribution under the forced convection in the melt. The magnetic induction intensity in the electromagnetic crystallizer and its variations with current frequency were simulated by Maxwell 2D software. The distribution of RE in the A356-Y alloy melt and its effect to the microstructure were studied with low frequency electromagnetic stirring. The results indicated that current frequency with stronger magnetic induction could be obtained during the range of low frequency under the working frequency. The slurry of semisolid A356-Y alloy was prepared by electromagnetic stirring at the frequency. The size and shape factor of the primary phase in the alloy were below 65 mm and above 0.80, respectively, which could satisfy the requirement of semisolid alloy rheoforming. The distribution of Y enriched at the edge of the ingot along its radius direction by the driving of electromagnetic field, but was effected by the frequency. Y presented the enriching at the edge of the ingot with the increase of the frequency under the range of the frequency tested.
Key words:  aluminum alloy      electromagnetic stirring      current frequency      semisolid      rare earth     
ZTFLH:  TG146  
Fund: ; Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.51361012), Natural Science Foundation of Jiangxi Province (No.20114bab206014) and Science and Technology Program of the Education Department of Jiangxi Province (No.GJJ14407)
Corresponding Authors:  Correspondent: LIU Zheng, professor, Tel: (0797)8312428, E-mail:     E-mail:

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  Mold (a) and grid chart (b) of magnetic field generator in electromagnetic crystallizer
  Distributions of line of magnetic force in electromagnetic crystallizer at current frequencies of 10 Hz (a), 20 Hz (b), 30 Hz (c) and 40 Hz (d)
  Distributions of magnetic induction in electromagnetic crystallizer at current frequencies of 10 Hz (a), 20 Hz (b), 30 Hz (c) and 40 Hz (d)
  Microstructures of primary a phase in semisolid A356-Y alloy before (a) and after stirring by 30 Hz for 15 s in the edge (b) and core (c) areas of alloy
  Average equal-area circle diameter D (a) and shape factor F (b) of a phase in A356-Y alloy at different electromagnetic frequencies
  SEM-BE images of A356-Y Al alloy stirred at frequencies of 10 Hz (a), 20 Hz (b), 30 Hz (c) and 40 Hz (d)
  Distributions of RE along the radial direction of ingot stirred at frequencies of 10 Hz (a), 20 Hz (b), 30 Hz (c) and 40 Hz (d)
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