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Acta Metall Sin  2020, Vol. 56 Issue (6): 849-854    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2019.00349
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Comparison of Glass Forming Ability Between U-Co and U-Fe Base Systems
HUANG Huogen(), ZHANG Pengguo, ZHANG Pei, WANG Qinguo
Institute of Materials, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Jiangyou 621907, China
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Abstract  

Because of having better corrosion resistance properties than crystalline uranium alloys, U-based metallic glasses show strong potential of applications in nuclear fields. U-Co and U-Fe are U-based important base glass systems, from which almost all the reported multi-component U-based amorphous alloys derive. However, which system possessing higher glass forming ability is unclear yet. Therefore, the relationship between the glass formation and the solidification rate is studied on two glassy alloys U66.7Co33.3 and U69.2Fe30.8 in this work, which are the best glass former in the corresponding system. A series of amorphous samples were prepared by modifying the cooling rate of their melts, and then were measured by using XRD and calorimetric analysis technique. The results show that both alloys were able to nearly amorphize completely at higher cooling rate, and tended to segregate U6Mn-typed crystalline phase when the cooling rate declined to some extent. In contrast, the U-Fe alloy needs a much lower critical cooling rate to achieve fully amorphous structure, directly demonstrating that U-Fe system possesses stronger glass forming capacity than U-Co. The reason for this conclusion is that the former system is of both thermodynamic and kinetic advantages for glass formation. This result can be applied as the foundation to exploit superior novel multicomponent U-based amorphous alloys.

Key words:  uranium alloy      amorphous alloy      metallic glass      glass forming ability     
Received:  21 October 2019     
ZTFLH:  TG139  
Fund: National Defense Science and Technology Foundation of China(1300025);Planning Foundation of China Academy of Engineering Physics(TCGH071601)
Corresponding Authors:  HUANG Huogen     E-mail:  hhgeng2002@sina.com

Cite this article: 

HUANG Huogen, ZHANG Pengguo, ZHANG Pei, WANG Qinguo. Comparison of Glass Forming Ability Between U-Co and U-Fe Base Systems. Acta Metall Sin, 2020, 56(6): 849-854.

URL: 

https://www.ams.org.cn/EN/10.11900/0412.1961.2019.00349     OR     https://www.ams.org.cn/EN/Y2020/V56/I6/849

Fig.1  XRD spectra of U66.7Co33.3 alloy samples prepared under different Cu-cooler linear rates
Fig.2  DSC curves of U66.7Co33.3 alloy samples prepared under different Cu-cooler linear rates
(a) crystallization (b) melting
Alloy

V

m·s-1

Crystallization enthalpy / (J·g-1)
U66.7Co33.31547.14
2547.75
5049.28
U69.2Fe30.8100.96
1523.44
2023.69
Table 1  Crystallization enthalpies of U-based amorphous samples prepared under different Cu-cooler linear rates (V)
Fig.3  XRD spectra of U69.2Fe30.8 alloy samples prepared under different Cu-cooler linear rates
Fig.4  DSC curves of U69.2Fe30.8 alloy samples prepared under different Cu-cooler linear rates
(a) crystallization (b) melting
ElementAtomic numberOuter electron configurationAtomic size difference with UElectronegativity difference with U
Fe263d64s2About 18%0.4
Co273d74s2About 20%0.5
Table 2  Contrast of physical and chemical properties between Fe and Co
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