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Acta Metall Sin  2019, Vol. 55 Issue (1): 73-86    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2018.00316
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Recent Progress on Magnesium Matrix Composites Reinforced by Carbonaceous Nanomaterials
Xiaojun WANG, Yeyang XIANG, Xiaoshi HU, Kun WU()
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150000, China
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Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) with ultra-high mechanical properties are attractive reinforcements to fabricate light weight, high strength metal matrix composites. In this paper, research progress on CNTs/GNPs reinforced magnesium matrix composites is systematically reviewed. This review focuses on the recent development of the preparation techniques, strengthening and toughening mechanism, interface structure of magnesium matrix composites reinforced by carbonaceous nanomaterials. Four kinds of preparation techniques are introduced, including powder metallurgy, stirring casting, disintegrated melt deposition and friction stir process. The yield strength of composites increases with the addition of GNPs/CNTs. Several possible factors can contribute to this: (1) grain size refinement; (2) load-transfer effects; (3) generation of the dislocation density due to strain generated by the thermal expansion mismatch between the matrix and GNPs/CNTs; (4) Orowan strengthening caused by the resistance of closely spaced GNPs/CNTs to the passing of dislocations. In addition, hydrogen storage behaviors, thermal properties and corrosion resistance of composites are also briefly introduced. In the end, this review summarizes the limitations of magnesium matrix composites at present stage as well as the prospect of its future development.

Key words:  magnesium matrix composite      carbonaceous nanomaterial      preparation method      strengthening and toughening mechanism     
Received:  09 July 2018     
ZTFLH:  TG146  
Fund: Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos.51671066 and 51471059)

Cite this article: 

Xiaojun WANG, Yeyang XIANG, Xiaoshi HU, Kun WU. Recent Progress on Magnesium Matrix Composites Reinforced by Carbonaceous Nanomaterials. Acta Metall Sin, 2019, 55(1): 73-86.

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Fig.1  Schematic illustration of powder metallurgy method (CNTs—carbon nanotubes, GNPs—graphene nanoplatelets, F—pressure)
Fig.2  Fabrication produce of the magnesium matrix composites reinforced by GNPs by stirring casting (The inset SEM image shows the surface of Mg@PVA chip with absorbed GNPs. SDS—sodium dodecyl sulphate, PVA—polyvinyl alcohol)[26]
Fig.3  Schematic illustration of disintegrated melt deposition
Fig.4  Schematic illustration of friction stir processing (FSP)
Fig.5  Microstructures of squeezed CNTs/Mg-6Zn[30](a) TEM image of a typical CNT in composite(b) the interface between CNT tip and Mg(c) the interface between two CNTs and Mg
Fig.6  Schematic illustration of the interface between CNTs, MgO and Mg
Fig.7  TEM micrograph of the embedded GNPs in the composite after solution heat treatment (a), the enlarged HAADF TEM image of Fig.7a (b) and the schematic representation of the nucleation of the precipitates near the GNPs in a Mg crystal unit (c)[57]
Fig.8  The variation in Young's modulus (Ec) as a function of volume fraction of GNPs (VG) for different micromechanical models[26]
Fig.9  Comparison of the yield strength of composites (σyc) between calculation and experiment values (a), yield strength increment (Δσyc) according to different strengthening mechanisms, the grain size strengthening is divided into the effect of coarse and equiaxed grains (CEG) and ultrafine grains (UFG), respectively (b) and relationship between load transfer and Orowan strengthening effect for the yield strength of the composites with the increasing size of GNPs (dG) (c)[26]
Fig.10  SEM-EBSD surface slip trace analysis and corresponding inverse pole figures (IPFs) as well as pole figures (PFs) on Mg (a), 0.10%GNPs-Mg composite (b) and 0.25%GNPs-Mg composite (c) after the strain of 6% (Yellow lines show basal slip traces; blue lines show prismatic slip traces and red lines show second order pyramidal slip traces. The numbers in the parentheses are the deviations between the slip traces and the plane traces. ED—extrusion direction)[39]
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