Acta Metall Sin  2019, Vol. 55 Issue (1): 109-125    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2018.00307
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Progress in High Throughput Fabrication and Characterization of Metal Matrix Composites
Xuexi ZHANG1, Zhong ZHENG1, Ying GAO2, Lin GENG1()
1 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
2 Institute of Spacecraft System Engineering, Beijing 100086, China
Abstract

The "material genetic engineering" plan, based on the large data, is to investigate the high throughput design, fabrication and characterization techniques with the aim to shift the material research from traditional mode to high throughput mode with low cost and fast response speed, and to accelerate the research and development of new materials and achieve the goal of "double reduction halves". As the metal matrix composites (MMCs) exhibit multi-components and a thermodynamically non-equilibrium state during fabrication, some key issues occur and need to be addressed including: (1) for high throughput fabrication, currently developed high throughput technologies based on thermodynamically equilibrium conditions, such as spray printing and multi-node diffusion methods, are not applicable for MMCs; (2) for high throughput characterization, there is a lack of multi- dimensional, field and scale acquisition technique for the composition, morphology, microstructure and property of MMCs. In order to solve these problems, the progress on the research and development of high throughput fabrication and characterization techniques of MMCs was reviewed, especially, in the field of gradient reinforced MMCs and their high throughput combination characterization methods, which may promote the application of high throughput fabrication and characterization techniques in MMCs. Finally, the bottlenecks and prospects in the high throughput fabrication and characterization of MM Cs are proposed.

 ZTFLH: TG457
Fund: Supported by National Key Research and Development Program of China (No.2017YFB0703103)
 Fig.1  Comparison of two kinds of material development modes(a) traditional single-step mode (b) high throughput mode Table 1  High throughput preparation techniques, applications and advantages in metal materials[4~11,14,16,17,21,33,35~50] Table 2  High throughput preparation methods and applications in metal matrix composites (MMCs)[12,13,51~54] Fig.2  SEM images of interface pillars before (a~c) and after (d~f) compressive deformation in a SiCp/Al composite[57] (a, d) diameter 2.2 μm (b, e) diameter 1.0 μm (c, f) diameter 0.5 μm Fig.3  Preparation of graphene gradient distributed graphene-Al composite powder compacts by self-assembly method(a) schematic of the preparation setup(b) gradient distribution of graphene in the powder compact(c) graphene on an Al powder (GO—graphene oxide) Fig.4  Processing and microstructure of GNP/Al composite wires prepared by multistep drawing (GNP—graphene nano-platelet)[59] Fig.5  Preparation schematic of the composite wires by hot extrusion and drawing using layered MMCs Fig.6  SEM images of the network structure in TiCp/Ti6Al4V composite with increasing magnifications from (a) to (d) (Inset shows a honeycomb structure)[60] Fig.7  High throughput fabrication technique of network titanium composites by powder metallurgy(a) 32 samples in a composite layer separated by soft graphite paper(b) multi-composite layers separated by hard graphite platelet Fig.8  A high throughput technique for aluminum composites based on pressureless infiltration(a) a unit in the composite array (b) multi-unit array (c) composite samples in the unit Fig.9  Micro-sample arrays of a composite material fabricated by focused ion beam (FIB) Table 3  Characterization techniques and applications for the microstructure of MMCs [21~23,31,65~88] Table 4  High throughput characterizing techniques and applications of metal matrix composites (MMCs)[15~20,24~30,33,85,89~103] Fig.10  Schematic of simultaneous characterization techniques for the microstructure, deformation and mechanical properties of layered MMCs (ND—normal direction, EBSD—electron backscattered diffraction[29] Fig.11  Modified X-ray diffractometer and its application (CCD—charge coupled device)[104](a) geometric structure of X-ray beam(b) structure of the XRD configuration in the invert space(c) configuration diagram of the concurrent XRD(d) diffraction intensity of [(SrTiO3)n/(SrTiO3)n]30 (n=12,14,$?$, 30) superlattice Fig.12  In-situ characterization technique based on synchrotron radiation for electrode composites[105](a) in-situ time-resolved (TR) XRD (b) in-situ TR-XRD combined mass spectroscopy(c) in-situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (d) in-situ transmission X-ray microscopy Fig.13  The principle (a) and accuracy analysis (b) of time-domain detection of probe test laser beam deflection (TD-PBD) (CTE—coefficient of thermal expansion)[106] Fig.14  High throughput characterization platform based on SEM for MMCs Fig.15  High throughput characterization platform based on X-ray synchrotron radiation for (MMCs)(a) schematic of the whole platform(b) assembly of the three dimensional and loading modules including 1—temperature and loading module, 2—vacuum module, 3—remote control module Fig.16  Schematics of the rapid characterization of array samples(a) an array sample containing sixteen samples