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金属学报  2017, Vol. 53 Issue (3): 298-306    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2016.00379
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W对第三代镍基单晶高温合金组织稳定性的影响
王博,张军(),潘雪娇,黄太文,刘林,傅恒志
西北工业大学凝固技术国家重点实验室 西安 710072
Effects of W on Microstructural Stability of the Third Generation Ni-Based Single Crystal Superalloys
Bo WANG,Jun ZHANG(),Xuejiao PAN,Taiwen HUANG,Lin LIU,Hengzhi FU
State Key Laboratory of Solidification Processing, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China
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摘要: 

通过对3种不同W含量(6%、7%、8%,质量分数)的第三代镍基单晶高温合金铸态、热处理态和热暴露后的组织观察和成分分析,研究了W对元素偏析、热处理组织及热暴露过程中组织演化的影响。结果表明:W含量的提高对合金元素的铸态偏析、完全热处理后的γ′相形貌、尺寸和体积分数均无明显影响。在950 ℃热暴露过程中,W含量的提高抑制了γ′相的粗化,但加速了γ′相的连接变形。3种合金在热暴露过程中析出的TCP相主要为μ相和σ相,且TCP相析出量随W含量的增加而缓慢增大。此外,3种合金在1000 ℃热暴露时TCP相析出量最大,在950 ℃热暴露时次之,在1050 ℃热暴露时析出量最小。

关键词 镍基单晶高温合金组织稳定性Wγ′TCP相    
Abstract

Ni-based single crystal superalloys are widely used in the manufacture of aero engine turbine blades because of the excellent mechanical properties at high temperature. With the development of single crystal superalloys, the content of refractory elements is constantly increased (especially Re) to improve the high temperature capability, which in turn leads to the decrease in microstructural stability of alloys, such as the TCP phase precipitation. It is important to find one element which not only can maintain high temperature performance but also does not evidently promote TCP phase precipitation and is very cheap in price to replace Re partially. W is one of the most important solution strengthening elements in superalloys, its diffusion rate in Ni matrix is close to Re and far below the other alloying elements, meanwhile, the advantage of low price make it to be the most suitable substitute of Re. However, there is little work about the effect of W on microstructural stability in Re contained third generation superalloys. In this work, the effects of W on the elemental segregation, elemental partitioning ratio of γ /γ′, microstructure evolution and TCP phase precipitation during thermal exposure at 950, 1000 and 1050 ℃ have been investigated in a third generation Ni-based single crystal superalloys with varied contents of W (6%~8%, mass fraction). The results show that the addition of W has no obvious effect on segregation of the alloying elements of as-cast alloys as well as the morphology, size and volume fraction of γ′ phase after heat treatment. During the thermal exposure at 950 ℃, the connection and deformation of γ′ phase are accelerated, but its coarsening rate is decreased with increasing W content. The TCP phases precipitated in three alloys during thermal exposure are mainly μ phase and σ phase. The area fraction of TCP phases is increased slightly with the W addition during thermal exposure, which is the largest at 1000 ℃, less at 950 ℃ and the least at 1050 ℃.

Key wordsNi-based single crystal superalloy    microstructural stability    Wγ′ phase    TCP phase
收稿日期: 2016-08-22      出版日期: 2017-03-31
基金资助:国家高技术研究发展计划项目No.2012AA03A511,国家自然科学基金项目Nos.50931004和51331005及陕西省自然科学基金项目No.2014JM622

引用本文:

王博,张军,潘雪娇,黄太文,刘林,傅恒志. W对第三代镍基单晶高温合金组织稳定性的影响[J]. 金属学报, 2017, 53(3): 298-306.
Bo WANG,Jun ZHANG,Xuejiao PAN,Taiwen HUANG,Lin LIU,Hengzhi FU. Effects of W on Microstructural Stability of the Third Generation Ni-Based Single Crystal Superalloys. Acta Metall, 2017, 53(3): 298-306.

链接本文:

http://www.ams.org.cn/CN/10.11900/0412.1961.2016.00379      或      http://www.ams.org.cn/CN/Y2017/V53/I3/298

Alloy Al Ta Cr Mo Co Re W Ni
S1 5.69 8.04 4.24 2.05 8.36 4.03 5.92 Bal.
S2 5.68 7.95 4.21 2.03 8.55 4.10 6.97 Bal.
S3 5.66 7.94 4.26 2.01 8.43 4.09 8.07 Bal.
表1  3种实验合金的化学成分
图1  固溶处理前后合金元素偏析比
图2  3种合金经完全热处理后枝晶干处的γ′相形貌
图3  固溶和时效处理后合金元素在γ /γ′相中的分配比
图4  3种合金在950 ℃热暴露不同时间后枝晶干处的γ′相形貌
图5  3种合金在950 ℃热暴露不同时间时枝晶干处γ′相的尺寸和热暴露前200 h枝晶干处γ′相的粗化速率
图6  3种合金在不同温度热暴露1000 h后的枝晶干处TCP相形貌
图7  合金S1在1000 ℃下热暴露不同时间后析出的σ相和μ相的形貌及其衍射斑点
图8  合金S1、S2和S3在不同温度热暴露1000 h后所析出TCP相的面积分数
Alloy ST Sg ΔS
S1 31.00 35.93 4.93
S2 31.18 36.70 5.52
S3 31.70 39.43 7.73
表2  根据REN方法计算3种合金的STSg和ΔS
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