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金属学报  2016, Vol. 52 Issue (10): 1171-1182    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2016.00348
  论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
金属玻璃的断裂行为与强度理论研究进展*
张哲峰,屈瑞涛,刘增乾
中国科学院金属研究所沈阳材料科学国家(联合)实验室, 沈阳 110016
ADVANCES IN FRACTURE BEHAVIOR AND STRENGTH THEORY OF METALLIC GLASSES
Zhefeng ZHANG,Ruitao QU,Zengqian LIU
Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
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摘要: 

由于特殊的非晶态结构, 金属玻璃表现出与传统晶体材料十分不同的变形与断裂行为. 金属玻璃具有高强、脆性和宏观均匀、各向同性的特点, 使其成为研究高强度材料强度理论的理想模型材料, 因而关于金属玻璃的断裂行为与强度理论研究至今仍然吸引着材料、力学和物理等学科研究人员的广泛兴趣. 本文基于作者十多年来关于金属玻璃断裂与强度方面的研究工作, 着重阐述对韧性和脆性金属玻璃的断裂行为和强度理论方面的最新认识和研究进展, 最后提出金属玻璃断裂与强度方面尚待解决的科学问题.

关键词 金属玻璃屈服断裂变形强度理论    
Abstract

Owing to the unique amorphous structure, metallic glasses (MGs) exhibit quite distinctive deformation and fracture behaviors from the conventional crystalline materials. The high strength, brittleness and macroscopic homogenous and isotropic structural features make MGs ideal model materials for the investigations of the strength theory of high-strength materials. Hence the fracture behavior and strength theory of MGs have attracted very extensive interests of researchers from the fields of materials, mechanics and physics. This paper is based on the research works of the authors on the fracture and strength of MGs in the past decade, and concentrates on discussing the current knowledge and recent advances on the fracture behavior and strength theory of ductile and brittle MGs. Firstly, the fracture behaviors of ductile and brittle MGs including tension-compression strength asymmetry, fracture mechanism and ductile-to-brittle transition will be briefly elaborated. Then the strength theories of MGs will be discussed, with our emphasis on the foundation, validation, further development and application of the ellipse criterion. At last, some unsolved issues associated with the fracture and strength of MGs are proposed.

Key wordsmetallic glass    yielding    fracture    deformation    strength theory
收稿日期: 2016-08-02      出版日期: 2016-11-25
基金资助:* 国家自然科学基金项目51331007, 51301174和51501190资助

引用本文:

张哲峰, 屈瑞涛, 刘增乾. 金属玻璃的断裂行为与强度理论研究进展*[J]. 金属学报, 2016, 52(10): 1171-1182.
Zhefeng ZHANG, Ruitao QU, Zengqian LIU. ADVANCES IN FRACTURE BEHAVIOR AND STRENGTH THEORY OF METALLIC GLASSES. Acta Metall, 2016, 52(10): 1171-1182.

链接本文:

http://www.ams.org.cn/CN/10.11900/0412.1961.2016.00348      或      http://www.ams.org.cn/CN/Y2016/V52/I10/1171

图1  典型韧性金属玻璃的拉伸与压缩应力-应变曲线[34]
图2  典型韧性金属玻璃的拉伸与压缩剪切断裂形貌[37]
图3  典型脆性金属玻璃的拉伸与压缩断裂形貌[30,37,68]
图4  金属玻璃的韧脆转变及解释[80]
图5  Mohr-Coulomb准则对韧性金属玻璃剪切断裂行为预测的几种情况[95]
图6  椭圆准则预测材料拉伸断裂行为的3种不同情况[89]
图7  名义断裂应力随剪切断裂角度的变化关系和2种准则的预测[34]
图8  Vit-105金属玻璃剪切断裂的正应力效应和2种准则的预测[34]
图9  能量准则对剪切与解理竞争作用结果的金属玻璃拉伸断裂的预测[98]
图10  在正-切应力空间普适性准则预测的临界屈服/断裂线[95]
图11  普适性准则在二维应力空间的屈服面及其与金属玻璃的实验和模拟结果的对比
图12  基于弹性常数及普适性准则对金属玻璃断裂行为的预测[41]
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