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金属学报  2016, Vol. 52 Issue (9): 1115-1122    DOI: 10.11900/0412.1961.2016.00048
  论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
AM50-x(Zn, Y)镁合金的显微组织、力学性能与凝固行为*
王峰(),马德志,王志,毛萍莉,刘正
沈阳工业大学材料科学与工程学院, 沈阳 110870
MICROSTRUCTURE, MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND SOLIDIFICATION BEHAVIOR OF AM50-x(Zn, Y) MAGNESIUM ALLOYS
Feng WANG(),Dezhi MA,Zhi WANG,Pingli MAO,Zheng LIU
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenyang University of Technology, Shenyang 110870, China
全文: PDF(1343 KB)   HTML
摘要: 

将Zn和Y元素以原子比为6∶1的形式加入AM50合金中, 并采用金属型铸造成形, 利用OM, SEM, EDS, XRD, 热分析法及拉伸实验研究了AM50-x(Zn, Y) (x=0, 2, 3, 4, 5, 质量分数, %)合金的显微组织、凝固行为及力学性能. 结果表明: 向AM50合金中按原子比为6∶1的形式加入Zn和Y元素后, 组织得到明显细化, 组织中并未形成Mg3Zn6Y准晶相, 而是形成了颗粒状的Al6YMn6相和细小的Al2Y相, 其中Al6YMn6相尺寸随着Zn和Y元素含量的增加而增大; 当x≥3时, 在组织中β相的周围逐渐形成层片状的Φ-Mg21(Zn, Al)17相, 且其数量逐渐增加. 热分析结果表明, Φ-Mg21(Zn, Al)17相约在354 ℃通过包晶反应形成, 其中α-Mg和β相析出温度随着x的增加而降低. 由于Al6YMn6相、Al2Y相和Φ-Mg21(Zn, Al)17相的形成, 使得β相的尺寸减小、数量减少; 当x=4时, 合金组织最为细小, 且合金力学性能达到最优, 其抗拉强度、屈服强度和伸长率分别为206.63 MPa, 92.50 MPa和10.04%.

关键词 镁合金AM50显微组织热分析力学性能    
Abstract

As the lightest metallic structural material, magnesium alloys were widely used in automotive, aerospace, electronic equipment and other fields. Among commercial magnesium alloys, AM series were commonly used due to excellent ductility and energy absorption. However, their relatively poor strength greatly restricted their extended use. In order to improve mechanical properties of AM50 alloy, the Zn and Y elements were added into the AM50 alloy in the form of atomic ratio of 6∶1 by the permanent mold casting. The microstructure, solidification behavior and mechanical properties of AM50-x(Zn, Y) (x=0, 2, 3, 4, 5, mass fraction, %) alloys were investigated by OM, SEM, EDS, XRD, thermal analysis and tensile tests. The results indicated that addition of Zn and Y elements with an atomic ratio of 6∶1 to AM50 alloy, the microstructures were obviously refined, and the quasicrystal I-phase(Mg3Zn6Y) cannot form. In addition, the granular Al6YMn6 phase and fine Al2Y phase were formed in the microstructure, and the size of Al6YMn6 phase increased with increasing the Zn and Y content. The Φ-Mg21(Zn, Al)17 phase with lamellar structure was formed around β phase when x≥3, and its amount increased with increasing the Zn and Y addition. Thermal analysis results show that the Φ-Mg21(Zn, Al)17 phase was formed at 354 ℃ by the peritectic reaction, in which the precipitation temperatures of α-Mg and β phase were decreased with the increase of x content. Due to the formation of Al6YMn6, Al2Y and Φ-Mg21(Zn, Al)17 phases, the size and amount of the β phase was decreased. For AM50-4(Zn, Y) alloy, the microstructure was greatly refined, and the ultimate tensile strength, yield strength and elongation of the alloy reached to the maximum, 206.63 MPa, 92.50 MPa and 10.04%, respectively.

Key wordsmagnesium alloy    AM50    microstructure    thermal analysis    mechanical property
收稿日期: 2016-01-29      出版日期: 2016-05-27
基金资助:* 国家自然科学基金项目51504153, 辽宁省自然科学基金项目201602548以及辽宁省高校创新团队支持计划项目LT2013004资助

引用本文:

王峰,马德志,王志,毛萍莉,刘正. AM50-x(Zn, Y)镁合金的显微组织、力学性能与凝固行为*[J]. 金属学报, 2016, 52(9): 1115-1122.
Feng WANG,Dezhi MA,Zhi WANG,Pingli MAO,Zheng LIU. MICROSTRUCTURE, MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND SOLIDIFICATION BEHAVIOR OF AM50-x(Zn, Y) MAGNESIUM ALLOYS. Acta Metall Sin, 2016, 52(9): 1115-1122.

链接本文:

http://www.ams.org.cn/CN/10.11900/0412.1961.2016.00048      或      http://www.ams.org.cn/CN/Y2016/V52/I9/1115

Alloy Al Mn Zn Y Mg
AM50-0(Zn, Y) 5.05 0.28 0.18 - Bal.
AM50-2(Zn, Y) 5.09 0.27 1.71 0.32 Bal.
AM50-3(Zn, Y) 4.95 0.26 2.53 0.52 Bal.
AM50-4(Zn, Y) 4.98 0.28 3.36 0.73 Bal.
AM50-5(Zn, Y) 4.92 0.29 4.23 0.90 Bal.
表1  合金的化学成分
图1  AM50-x(Zn, Y)合金的显微组织
图2  AM50-x(Zn, Y)合金的SEM像及XRD谱
图3  AM50合金的SEM像和EDS分析
图4  AM50-4(Zn, Y)合金的SEM像和EDS分析
图5  AM50-4(Zn, Y)合金的SEM像和各元素的面扫描图
图6  AM50-x (Zn, Y)合金的热分析结果
表2  热分析曲线中对应的关键温度
图7  AM50-x(Zn, Y)合金的室温拉伸性能
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