MICRO-CHARACTERIZATION OF DISSIMILAR METAL WELD JOINT FOR CONNECTING PIPE- NOZZLE TO SAFE-END IN GENERATION III NUCLEAR POWER PLANT
DING Jie1, 2, ZHANG Zhiming1, 2, WANG Jianqiu1, 2, HAN En-Hou1, 2, TANG Weibao3, 4, ZHANG Maolong3, 4, SUN Zhiyuan3, 4
1 Key Laboratory of Nuclear Materials and Safety Assessment, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016; 2 Liaoning Key Laboratory for Safety and Assessment Technique of Nuclear Materials, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016; 3 Shanghai Electric Nuclear Power Equipment Co. Ltd., Shanghai 201306; 4 Shanghai Research Center for Weld and Detection Engineering Technique of Nuclear Equipment, Shanghai 201306
Abstract: The dissimilar metal weld joint (DMWJ) in primary water system of pressurized water reactors (PWRs) has been proven to be a vulnerable component owing to its proneness to different type of flaws. Thus, maintaining integrity of such joint in case of defect presence is of great importance to the design and safe management of nuclear power plants (NPPs). For a reliable integrity analysis of DMWJ, it is essential to understand the microscopic characteristics in all regions of the joint. In this work, OM, TEM, SEM, durometer, AFM, MFM and SKPFM were utilized to investigate the microstructure, micro-hardness and the distribution of main elements, grain boundary characteristic and residual strain in the A508/52M/316L DMWJ that used for connecting the pipe safe-end and the nozzle of reactor pressure vessel in PWRs, and a comparative analysis about the microstructure and property along the radical direction of the DMWJ was obtained. The results showed that there was no region that differed from the other part of the weldment in terms of the microstructure and micro-hardness dramatically. A layer of fine grain resulting from unmelted filler metal was found in the backing weld part of the joint. The residual strain in the heat affected zone (HAZ) of 316L was higher than that in other regions. Meanwhile, drastic variations in the microstructure, chemical composition distribution and grain boundary character distribution (GBCD) in both the 316L/52Mw and the 52Mb/A508 interface regions were observed. The analyses using TEM and MFM test showed that a large number of chromium and molybdenum-rich precipitates particles distributed both along the grain boundaries and inside grains in the 316L base metal, which were identified to be precipitates with complex elementary composition rather than the normal string delta ferrite in 316L austenitic stainless steel. The SKPFM test result indicated that these precipitates were more prone to be corroded than the base metal. Therefore, further investigation about the cause of deformation and the impacts to the corrosion resistance, particularly the stress corrosion cracking (SCC) sensitivity of the precipitates needs to be carried out.
丁杰, 张志明, 王俭秋, 韩恩厚, 唐伟宝, 张茂龙, 孙志远. 三代核电接管安全端异种金属焊接接头的显微表征[J]. 金属学报, 2015, 51(4): 425-439.
DING Jie, ZHANG Zhiming, WANG Jianqiu, HAN En-Hou, TANG Weibao, ZHANG Maolong, SUN Zhiyuan. MICRO-CHARACTERIZATION OF DISSIMILAR METAL WELD JOINT FOR CONNECTING PIPE- NOZZLE TO SAFE-END IN GENERATION III NUCLEAR POWER PLANT. Acta Metall, 2015, 51(4): 425-439.